Miscellaneous Definite Integrals

  • Thread starter lostminty
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  • #1
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Homework Statement



show that

[itex]\int^{∞}_{0}\frac{sin^{2}x}{x^{2}}dx= \frac{\pi}{2}[/itex]


Homework Equations



consider

[itex]\oint_{C}\frac{1-e^{i2z}}{z^{2}}dz[/itex]

where C is a semi circle of radius R, about 0,0 with an indent (another semi circle) excluding 0,0.

The Attempt at a Solution




curve splits into
C1, line segment from -R to -ε
C2, semi circle z=εe θ goes from ∏ to 0
C3, line segment from ε to R
C4, semi circle z=Re θ goes from 0 to ∏

function is holomorphic in/on C. so integral =0

for C4, applying limit R > infinity integral = 0

C3. really stuck here

I sub in the value of z

to get

[itex]\int^{0}_{∏}\frac{1-e^{i2e^{iθ}}}{ε^{2}e^{2iθ}}εe^{iθ}[/itex]


but I can't take the limit ε -> 0 of this since theres an ε on the denominator
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
vela
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You forgot an ε in the exponent and a factor of i.
$$\int^0_\pi \frac{1-e^{i2\varepsilon e^{i\theta}}}{\varepsilon^2 e^{2i\theta}} i\varepsilon e^{i\theta}\,d\theta$$
 
  • #3
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You forgot an ε in the exponent and a factor of i.
$$\int^0_\pi \frac{1-e^{i2\varepsilon e^{i\theta}}}{\varepsilon^2 e^{2i\theta}} i\varepsilon e^{i\theta}\,d\theta$$
Thank you. I was half awake when I wrote that.

I just don't know how to get that ε out from the denominator, I cannot take the limit otherwise.
 
  • #4
vela
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Try expanding the exponential and the numerator as a series.
 
  • #5
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The teacher gave me a hint, use L'hopitals Rule, which isn't clear to be possible since i forgot to add in the limit
 
  • #6
vela
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I'm not sure what you mean by that. In any case, either way should work. The numerator is first-order in ε. Along with the factor of ε from dz, it cancels the ε2 in the denominator, so you will get a finite result.
 
  • #7
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I mean, differentiating the top and bottom before taking the limit.

as in a taylor series?
 
  • #8
vela
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I still have no clue what you mean.
 

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