1. ### I Why integrals took 2000 years to come up in a rigorous manner?

Archimedes Riemann integral is one of the most elegant achievements in mathematics, I have a great admiration for it. Mr. Patrick Fitzpatrick commented on it as Archimedes first devised and implemented the strategy to compute the area of nonpolygonal geometric objects by constructing outer...
2. ### How to prove that ##M_i =x_i## in this upper Darboux sum problem?

We're given a function which is defined as : $$f:[0,1] \mapsto \mathbb R\\ f(x)= \begin{cases} x& \text{if x is rational} \\ 0 & \text{if x is irrational} \\ \end{cases}$$ Let ##M_i = sup \{f(x) : x \in [x_{i-1}, x_i]\}##. Then for a partition ##P= \{x_0, x_1 ...
3. ### Applied Integrals, Series and Products

I recently stumbled upon Gradshteyn, Ryzhik: Table of Integrals, Series, and Products and it is worth recommending for all who have to deal with actual solutions, i.e. especially engineers, physicists and all who are confronted with calculating integrals, series and products.
4. ### I Understanding the ##\epsilon## definition of this integral

Integrals are defined with the help of upper and lower sums, and more number of points in a partition of a given interval (on which we are integrating) ensure a lower upper sum and a higher lower sum. Keeping in mind these two things, I find the following definition easy to digest A function...
5. ### I Is my derivation correct?

My work is in the following pdf file:
6. ### Why does dividing by ##\sin^2 x## solve the integral?

If we look at the denominator of this integral $$\int \frac{\cos x + \sqrt 3}{1 + 4\sin \left(x+ \pi/3\right) + 4\sin^2 \left(x+\pi/3\right)} dx$$ then we can see that ## 1 + 4\sin \left(x+ \pi/3\right) + 4\sin^2 \left(x+\pi/3\right) = \left(1+2\sin\left(x+\pi/3\right)\right)^2## and ##...
7. ### Integral of Acceleration with respect to time

Homework Statement Acceleration is defined as the second derivative of position with respect to time: a = d2x/dt2. Integrate this equation with respect to time to show that position can be expressed as x(t) = 0.5at2+v0t+x0, where v0 and x0 are the initial position and velocity (i.e., the...
8. ### Hairy trig integral

<Moderator's note: Moved from a technical forum and thus no template.> where a, b, c, d and n, all are positive integers. Find the value of 'c'. ------------------------------- I don't really have a good approach for this one. I just made a substitution u = sinx + cosx I couldn't clear up...
9. ### Calculating distance from speed

Homework Statement The speed of a runner increased during the first three seconds of a race. Her speed at half-second intervals is given in the table. Find lower and upper estimates for the distance that she travelled during these three seconds. It follows the image's square. Homework...
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### Finding population density with double integrals

Homework Statement A city surrounds a bay as shown in Figure 1. The population density of the city (in thousands of people per square km) is f(r, θ), where r and θ are polar coordinates and distances are in km. (a) Set up an iterated integral in polar coordinates to find the total population...
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### Proving the equation for the height of a cylinder

Homework Statement Consider a sphere of radius A from which a central cylinder of radius a (where 0 < a < A ) has been removed. Write down a double or a triple integral (your choice) for the volume of this band, evaluate the integral, and show that the volume depends only upon the height of the...
12. ### Contour Integrals: Working Check

Homework Statement Hi all, could someone help me run through my work for these 2 integrals and see if I'm in the right direction? I'm feeling rather unsure of my work. 1) Evaluate ##\oint _\Gamma Z^*dz## along an anticlockwise circle of radius R centered at z = 0 2) Calculate the contour...
13. ### Solving an Integral

Homework Statement Solve from x = 0 to x = ∞, ∫xe-axcos(x)dx Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution I have a solution for the integral ∫e-axcos(x)dx at the same limits, and I feel that the result might be of use, but have no idea how to manipulate the integral above such that I can use...
14. ### Determine the truth of the following statements

Homework Statement ##f(x) = \begin{cases} -\frac{1}{1+x^2}, & x \in (-\infty,1) \\ x, & x \in [1,5]\setminus {3} \\ 100, & x=3 \\ \log_{1/2} {(x-5)} , & x \in (5, +\infty) \end{cases}## For a given function determine the truth of the folowing statements and give a brief explanation: a) Function...
15. ### Application of integrals to find moment Inertia

I need to make a project that integrates physics with math, involving the use of integrals to find moment inertia of areas. The theory could be read here :http://www.intmath.com/applications-integration/6-moments-inertia.php I need to make an object that applies the theory above. Can anybody...
16. ### Best resources for learning Integrals

What would tou suggest as the best resource for learning integrals? I need preferably some practical books videos or youtube channels that deal with application and problems rather than theory. Any thoughts? Thanks
17. ### Integration by substitution question

Homework Statement Question: To solve the integral ##\int \frac{1}{\sqrt{x^2-4}} \,dx## on an interval ##I=(2,+\infty)##, can we use the substitution ##x=\operatorname {arcsint}##? Explain Homework Equations 3. The Attempt at a Solution [/B] This is my reasoning, the function ##\operatorname...

30. ### Compute upper and lower integral

Homework Statement Let f(x) = x^2 and let P = { -5/2, -2, -3/2, -1, -1/2, 0, 1/2 } Then the problem asks me to compute Lf (P) and Uf (P). Lf (P) = Uf (P) = The Attempt at a Solution Please explain how to solve. I thought that L[f] meant to calculate the lower bound with respect to f(x)...