# MPPT analysis in parallel and series configration with similar solar modules

hello!
Hope you all will be at quiet ease.
I am looking for the guidance to observe the performance analysis of MPPT (Maximum power point Tracker) in parallel and series configuration with similar solar modules. I have two solar modules each having the following rating:

- Maximum power (PMax) = 85W
- Open Circuit Voltage (Voc) = 21.96V
- Short Circuit Current (Isc) = 5.11A
- Rated voltage (Vmpp) = 18.29V
- Rated Current (Impp) = 4.65A
- Maximum System voltage = 1000V

Can any one of you help in this regard that what methodology should be adopted and what parameters are required to be calculated for above said task.

Thanking you in anticipation.

berkeman
Mentor
hello!
Hope you all will be at quiet ease.
I am looking for the guidance to observe the performance analysis of MPPT (Maximum power point Tracker) in parallel and series configuration with similar solar modules. I have two solar modules each having the following rating:

- Maximum power (PMax) = 85W
- Open Circuit Voltage (Voc) = 21.96V
- Short Circuit Current (Isc) = 5.11A
- Rated voltage (Vmpp) = 18.29V
- Rated Current (Impp) = 4.65A
- Maximum System voltage = 1000V

Can any one of you help in this regard that what methodology should be adopted and what parameters are required to be calculated for above said task.

Thanking you in anticipation.

Welcome to the PF!

There is a short introductory article at wikipedia, with a couple reference links to follow:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_power_point_tracker

.

dear berkeman thanks for your quick response. in fact i want to know what will be the benefit of analyzing the two panels in series and parallel configurations because we know that whenever these panels will be connected in parallel the current will increase and voltages will remain same and in series I is same V will increase as it is a general rule. I am a newbie in this solar field i have understood that the configuration which provide you more current flow is efficient (your comments needed). what can be the other efficiency parameters that can be measured with series parallel configuration in which efficiency can be better in other case.

thanks

If your battery is 12 Volts, it is usually better to have at least twice the nominal (12V)
voltage rating of photovoltaics (Solar panels) coming into the MPPT controller.
This is because the Vmp of the modules can get so close to the battery voltage
that there is just not much voltage headroom to do much good. Also, there will
be less PV wire losses because of the lower current, and mainly because
partial shading of the modules in series will not be as detrimental as wiring
them in parallel because even if partially shaded, the Vmp (max power point V)
will be above the battery voltage which is normally required for MPPT operation.
If the Vmp is below the battery voltage, then it just doesn't work very well at all.
Wiring PV in series will help this. Even though the MPPT controller is less
efficient at higher input voltages, the tradeoff is usually in your favor to wire
them in series rather than parallel. If lots of PV in the array, then, parallel
strings of solar modules in series.

boB