# Multiple Power Source Circuit Analysis

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1. Feb 10, 2015

### aseylys

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Compute all the currents labeled using the mesh loop method.

2. Relevant equations
Parallel Resistors
1/Rt=1/R1+1/R2...+1/Ri
Series Resistors
R1+R2...+Ri
3. The attempt at a solution

My attempt at the kvl and kcl analysis, I think I did this wrong because I can't solve for the variables

v1 - (I1 - I6 - I3)*r1 - (-I6 - I3 + I1)*r6 - (-I3 - I6 + I1)*r3 - v3=0
v2 - (I2 - I5 - I3)*r2 - (-I5 - I3 + I2)*r5 - (-I3 - I5 + I2)*r3 - v3=0
v1 - (I1 + I4 - I2)*r1 - (I4 - I2 + I1)*r4 - (-I2 + I1 + I4)*r2 - v2=0
I4 = I1 - I2
I6 = I3 - I1
I5 = I3 - I1

This is my first time doing this so I'm sure I did this wrong. Any help is appreciated!

2. Feb 10, 2015

### phinds

Your equations are WAY too complex, bringing in terms that don't belong.

Just take the first one, for example, and your inclusion of I1 and I6 as multipliers for R1 when only I3 is flowing through R1

They are all like that.

3. Feb 11, 2015

### aseylys

Thanks for the reply.
Ok, then I'm confused.

So for the left area it goes:
V3-I3*R3-I3*R6-I3*R1-V1=0

So then what happens to I1 and I6?

4. Feb 11, 2015

### phinds

There is a current designator that shows the current through R3. It is I3. There IS no other current going through that branch (R3)

There is a current designator that shows the current through R6. It is I6. There IS no other current going through that branch (R6)

You are making things more complicated than they need to be.

5. Feb 11, 2015

### aseylys

Ok. Trying to simplify this and knowing that the current through each resistors is ONLY it's corresponding current number.

V3-I3*R3-I6*R6+I1*R1-V1=0
V3-I3*R3-I5*R5+I2*R2-V2=0
V1-I1*R1-I4*R4+I2*R2-V2=0

Am I at least on the right track?

6. Feb 11, 2015

### phinds

I haven't checked in detail but yes, that's exactly the kind of thing you want to see

7. Feb 11, 2015

### aseylys

Ok thanks for your help!

8. Feb 11, 2015

### phinds

Glad to help. I love these easy ones

9. Feb 11, 2015

### Staff: Mentor

Mesh loop analysis is based upon mesh currents. Each loop is assigned a "brand new" current of its own which circulates within that loop alone. KVL equations are written for each loop using these new currents and solved.

Thus in the above we define mesh currents $i_1$, $i_2$, and $i_3$.

Note that more than one mesh current can flow in a given component (the ones that border two loops). In the above circuit R1 borders loops 1 and 3, so that it conducts $i_1$ and $i_3$ (flowing in opposite directions).

After solving for the mesh currents you can then go back and form any desired current in the circuit by noting which mesh currents contribute to them. For example, in the above circuit $I_3 = i_1 - i_2$, and $I_5 = -i_2$.

There's a very good reason for defining and solving for mesh currents in this way. One can write the loop equations in matrix form easily by inspection -- there's a very simple procedure. It's a virtually foolproof way to obtain the circuit equations quickly and without error.

10. Feb 11, 2015

### phinds

OOPS ... gneill obviously has it right. I was so focused on one thing that I lost track of another.

EDIT: aseyals, in case it's not clear, it's not that the equations you wrote were wrong, and that's what I was focusing on ... helping you get them right, it's that they are right but not helpful. They involve too many variables because, as gneil pointed out, they are not loop current equations.

Last edited: Feb 11, 2015
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