# Need help getting formula for volume of any tree log.

1. Oct 6, 2011

### alexf322

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

For calc 2 we have to write a formula using integration that will find the volume of any tree log that is cut. Using the picture that is attacked I came up with this equation. The integral from 0 to h of pi*(((R-r/h)x+r))^2)dx. Any ideas about my formula or anything would be appreciated. Thanks

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

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2. Oct 6, 2011

### verty

If that formula is the radius at x then it looks correct, if a little vague.

3. Oct 6, 2011

### HallsofIvy

Your equation, y= ((R-r)/h)x+ r, is vague because there is no "x" nor "y" in your picture. I presume you mean y to be the radius of the tree at distance x from the large end. If that is what is meant, yes, when x= 0, that is y= 0+ r= r and when x= h, y= R- r+ r= R. And you are assuming that the radius is a linear function of x.

Now, at a given x, a cross section will be a disk with radius h. That disk has area $\pi y^2$ and so a disk with thickness "dx" will have volume "area times thickness"= $\pi y^2 dx= \pi ([(R-r)/r]x+ r)^2)dx$.

The approximate volume would be a sum of such things, a "Rieman sum", and the limit, as the thickness goes to 0 will be the integral
$$\pi \int_{x=0}^h (((R-r)/r)x+ r)^2 dx= \pi \int_{x=0}^h \left[\left(\frac{R-r}{r}\right)^2x^2+ 2(R-r)x+ r^2\right] dx$$

4. Oct 6, 2011

### SammyS

Staff Emeritus
Yes, it looks perfectly fine.