Open-heart surgery. I don’t recommend it for everyone…but if you have, as I had, several almost totally occluded cardiac arteries and a poorly functioning aortic valve, it’s worth considering. I had the surgery on Jan. 2, 2006 wherein 3 arteries were bypassed and my aortic valve was replaced with a valve from a cow or a `bovine’ valve as the surgeon calls it. The bovine valve comes with a lifetime warranty. I think having a warranty is good but I have some confusion as to how I report a failure. At the surgeon’s discretion, I could have had a pig’s valve (porcine) or a mechanical valve (ping-pong ball in a bird cage). I’m one of the lucky people who have had this surgery as I have never had a heart attack and my heart pumps very strongly. The surgery took less than three hours without any complications at all. I was kept under anesthesia for an entire day and was walking several hours after reviving. I left the hospital on Jan. 7th.