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Archived Optics: Shift in y from a thin pane of glass, young's experiment.

  1. Apr 14, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    With regard to Young’s Experiment, derive a general expression for the shift in the vertical position of the mth maximum as a result of placing a thin parallel sheet of glass of index n and thickness d directly over one of the slits. Identify your assumptions.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    Sorry if this is very simple, I am having a brain fart or sorts.

    I've found the number of wavelengths that will travel though a plane of thickness d:
    N = dn/lamda_0
    and with that tried to form a triangle to find the difference, delta y, however the answer's units don't make sense.

    I know this should be of a similar form to

    delta y = a/s * lambda

    Thanks for the help.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 29, 2016 #2

    Ibix

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    The condition for constructive interference in a standard Young's slit setup is that ##m\lambda = x\delta/L##, where x is the distance across the screen, L is the distance to the screen, ##\delta## is the slit separation, and m is an integer. The derivation of this is that the extra distance from the slit on the -x side of the axis to the point on the screen must be a whole number of wavelengths.

    If we introduce a plate of refractive index n and thickness d in front of the slit on the -x side then we increase the optical path length in the volume occupied by the plate from d to nd. So the optical path distance (and hence the extra distance) from this slit to the screen increases by (n-1)d. So the criterion for constructive interference becomes ##m\lambda = x\delta/L+(n-1)d##. It's trivial to rearrange this to get the positions of the maxima: ##x=m\lambda L/\delta -(n-1)Ld/\delta##. The last term is the offset.

    I am assuming that diffraction effects from the edge of the plate are negligible, and that the plate does not affect light from the other slit. I am also assuming that refraction through the plate is negligible and that distance through the plate doesn't change significantly across the interference pattern. The latter two are probably justifiable in the far field regime. The former two would depend on d being small - of similar order to ##\delta## or smaller, I suspect.
     
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