Particle Accelerator & Energy Consumption

• Bjarne
In summary, the amount of energy used by an accelerator to keep particles in orbit at a constant speed is directly related to the top speed of the particles. This can be measured as a percentage relative to the top speed or in megawatts relative to the number of particles in orbit. At Fermilab, where protons and anti-protons are stored at a rate of 1 x 10^13 each, the energy consumption is a few milliwatts even at 980 GeV in a 6.28 kilometer circumference orbit. The magnets used in the accelerator have resistive losses only in the connections between them, which is a few nano ohms per connection at 4000 amps. The magnets must also be kept
Bjarne
How much energy is a accelerator using when keeping particles orbits (by constant speed):

for example:

2.99999997 E8 m/s (or topspeed)
2.98000000 E8 m/s
2.97000000 E8 m/s
2.80000000 E8 m/s

Please mention the energy consumption in % relative to the top-speed (I believe it is - 2.99999997 m/s) or in MW relative to the numbers of particles in orbit.

For stored protons and anti-protons (~1 x 1013 of each) at Fermilab, they radiate a few milliwatts even at 980 GeV in the 6.28 kilometer circumference orbit. The superconducting magnets have resistive losses only in the connections between them (a few nano ohms per connection at 4000 amps). Keeping the magnets at 4 kelvin took lots of liquid helium cooling. Producing anti-protons took a lot more. For electrons, running LEP (the former large electron proton collider at CERN) with a 26 kilometer circumference, at full energy the accelerator used roughly the same amount of power as the entire city of Geneva (I think).
Bob S

I can provide some insight into the energy consumption of a particle accelerator when keeping particles in constant orbit at various speeds. The amount of energy consumed by a particle accelerator is directly related to the speed at which the particles are orbiting. The faster the particles are moving, the more energy is required to maintain their orbit.

In the example given, the top speed of 2.99999997 E8 m/s would require the highest amount of energy consumption. If we use this speed as a reference point, the energy consumption for the other speeds can be calculated as a percentage relative to the top speed.

For the speed of 2.98000000 E8 m/s, the energy consumption would be approximately 99.33% of the top speed's energy consumption. Similarly, for the speeds of 2.97000000 E8 m/s and 2.80000000 E8 m/s, the energy consumption would be approximately 99% and 93.33% of the top speed's energy consumption, respectively.

It is important to note that the actual energy consumption may vary depending on the specific design and efficiency of the particle accelerator. Additionally, the number of particles in orbit can also affect the energy consumption, as more particles would require more energy to maintain their orbits.

In terms of energy consumption in MW (megawatts), it would depend on the specific design and number of particles in orbit. However, we can estimate the energy consumption in MW relative to the number of particles in orbit. Assuming a constant energy consumption per particle, the energy consumption would increase linearly with the number of particles in orbit.

In conclusion, the energy consumption of a particle accelerator is directly related to the speed and number of particles in orbit. The higher the speed and number of particles, the higher the energy consumption. The actual energy consumption can vary depending on the specific design and efficiency of the particle accelerator.

1. What is a particle accelerator?

A particle accelerator is a scientific instrument that uses electromagnetic fields to accelerate and control the movement of charged particles, such as protons or electrons, at extremely high speeds. These particles are then collided with each other or with a stationary target, allowing scientists to study the fundamental properties of matter and energy.

2. How does a particle accelerator work?

Particle accelerators work by using electric fields to accelerate charged particles and magnetic fields to steer them. These particles are then guided through a series of tubes or rings, called accelerators, where they gain energy and speed. The particles are then directed towards a target or collided with each other, creating high-energy collisions that can be studied by scientists.

3. What are the different types of particle accelerators?

There are various types of particle accelerators, including linear accelerators (linacs), circular accelerators (cyclotrons), and synchrotrons. Linacs accelerate particles in a straight line, while cyclotrons and synchrotrons use circular paths. Additionally, there are specialized particle accelerators, such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world.

4. How much energy does a particle accelerator consume?

The amount of energy consumed by a particle accelerator varies depending on its size and purpose. Small research accelerators may consume around 100 kilowatts of power, while larger accelerators, like the LHC, can consume up to 120 megawatts of power. However, this energy consumption is only temporary and is used to produce high-energy collisions for scientific experiments.

5. Are there any concerns about the energy consumption of particle accelerators?

While particle accelerators do consume a large amount of energy, they are designed to be energy-efficient and use the most advanced technologies to minimize energy consumption. Additionally, the benefits of scientific discoveries and advancements made using particle accelerators far outweigh the temporary energy consumption. Researchers are also constantly working towards developing more sustainable and efficient methods of particle acceleration.

• Mechanics
Replies
11
Views
1K
• Mechanics
Replies
26
Views
1K
• Mechanics
Replies
18
Views
2K
• Classical Physics
Replies
5
Views
1K
• Mechanics
Replies
25
Views
3K
• Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
248
• Mechanics
Replies
39
Views
14K
• Mechanics
Replies
6
Views
2K
• Mechanics
Replies
28
Views
2K
• Mechanics
Replies
8
Views
1K