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PFR model with n order reactions

  1. Feb 19, 2015 #1
    • This is a homework problem that was posted in another forum, so there is no template
    I have this problem for my reactor design course and I need some help wrapping my head around it.

    We have to design a plug flow reactor (PFR), which can be modeled as five equal volume CSTR's in series. The PFR has an inlet volumetric flow rate of ##q_{in}## which contains species ##A_i, i = 1...n## having concentration ##C_{Ai,in}## (also the whole PFR is operated at a constant temperature ##T_{ref}##).

    The PFR is initially filled with solution containing species at concentration ##C_{Ai,0}##. The density of the inlet stream is constant at ##\rho##. There are ##m## reactions taking place within the PFR, each defined by the stoichemetric coefficients ##v_{i,j}## where ##i = 1...n, j = 1...m##.

    Our goal is to design the smallest possible PFR to achieve steady state conversion of ##X_{A1} = 0.75##.

    We are given a matrix of the stoichometric coefficients:
    [tex]
    v =
    \begin{bmatrix}
    -a & -b & 0 & d\\
    -a & 0 & 0 & d\\
    a & 0 & -c & -d\\
    0 & b & c & 0
    \end{bmatrix}
    [/tex]


    Basic rate laws:
    [tex]
    r_{A1,1} = -kC_{A1}C_{A2}^2\\
    r_{A5,2} = kC_{A1}\\
    r_{A4,3} = -kC_{A4}^2\\
    r_{A3,4} = -kC_{A3}^2C_{A4}^2
    [/tex]
    All k = 1, the inlet volumetric flow rate is given and a vector of five values for ##C_{Ai,in}## and ##C_{Ai,0}## are given.


    My approach so far is to create the net generation term being:

    r = [-k*(c(1)*c(2)^2+c(1)^2+c(3)^2*c(4)^2-0.5*c(4)^2);
    k*(c(1)-c(1)*c(2)^2);
    k*(c(1)-c(4)^2);
    k*(c(1)*c(2)^2-c(1)^2+c(3)^2*c(4)^2-0.5*c(4)^2)]

    But do I take the CSTR approach or the PFR approach? A general idea would be very helpful. Thank you!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 20, 2015 #2
    You are approximating the PFR as a set of set of 5 CSTRs in s
     
  4. Feb 20, 2015 #3
    Yes, I understand this concept, I would have 5 CSTRS which means I'll have a mass and mole balance equation written around each, but how do I incorporate the reactions that are occurring?
     
  5. Feb 20, 2015 #4
    Are you saying that you don't know how to solve a CSTR in which chemical reactions are occurring?

    Chet
     
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