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Picture to make sure my concepts are correct.

  1. Sep 15, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    2rh2v83.jpg

    can you judge the diagram I want to make sure i have the forces being exerted in the correct order.



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 15, 2012 #2

    SammyS

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    That's the correct direction. If you add the vectors correctly, you will also get the correct magnitude !
     
  4. Sep 15, 2012 #3
    One more question sam. I have want to make sure I clearly understand, Lets call the top top electron E1, and bottom E2.

    I only have to get the Cosine of the bottom election because it is on the horizontal and not on an angle, but for E1 I have to get both the sin and cos.

    And to get the magnitude I can simply add squareroot fsin(theta)+2fcos(theta) ?
     
  5. Sep 15, 2012 #4

    SammyS

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    No. That won't give the correct answer.

    There seems to be the assumption that the electrons are equidistant from the proton, so that the magnitude of the force that each electron exerts on the proton is f. Right?

    What are you calling θ, (theta)?

    If θ = 65°/2, then (f)cos(θ) the component of the force along the resultant that's exerted by either of the electrons.
     
  6. Sep 15, 2012 #5
    Pretty much my theta is 65 degrees and what im doing is this

    √(F)^2+(Fsin(65))^2+(Fcos(65))^2

    and I dont understand how it isnt giving me the answer
     
  7. Sep 15, 2012 #6

    SammyS

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    Earlier you said "squareroot fsin(theta)+2fcos(theta)".

    But what you have here is also not correct.

    The horizontal component is F + F cos(65°) which is equal to F(1 + cos(65°)) .

    The vertical component is F sin(65°) .

    Square each component, sum those & take the square root of the result. That's close to what you have, but (a + b)2 ≠ a2 + b2.
     
  8. Sep 16, 2012 #7

    SammyS

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    Now that a complete answer to a similar, but more detailed problem has been given in another of your threads, I'll give the solution here, arrived at in two ways.

    The link to that other thread of yours: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=635951 .

    If F is the magnitude of the force that one of the electrons exerts on the proton, then:

    E2 exerts a force of F in the horizontal direction.

    E1 exerts a force which has a component of F cos(65°) in the horizontal direction and a component of F sin(65°) in the vertical direction.

    The magnitude of that force is:

    [itex]\displaystyle \sqrt{\left(F+F\cos(65^\circ)\,\right)^2+\left(F \sin(65^\circ)\,\right)^2}[/itex]
    [itex]\displaystyle
    =F\sqrt{\left(1+\cos(65^\circ)\,\right)^2+\sin^2(65^\circ)}[/itex]

    [itex]\displaystyle =F\sqrt{1+2\cos(65^\circ)+\cos^2(65^\circ)+\sin^2(65^\circ)} [/itex]

    [itex]\displaystyle =F\sqrt{2+2\cos(65^\circ)} [/itex]

    [itex]\displaystyle =2F\sqrt{\frac{1+\cos(65^\circ)}{2}} [/itex]

    [itex]\displaystyle =2F\cos(32.5^\circ) [/itex]​

    A simpler way:

    Of course if you look at the component of the force E2 exerts parallel to the bisector of the 65° angle, that component is F cos(32.5°). Similarly the component of the force E1 exerts in that same direction is also F cos(32.5°). Making the resulting component of the force parallel to the bisector 2F cos(32.5°).

    The forces perpendicular to the bisector cancel.
     
  9. Sep 16, 2012 #8
    Really appreciate the clear and thorough explanation. It makes perfect sense now!
     
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