# Principal stress at surface of thin walled pipe

## Homework Statement

See attached jpg for problem statement and diagram.

I know we didn't discuss this type of problem in class. The rest of this homework set has been solving stress transformations with Mohr's circles for a given state of stress. I know how to find τxy (that was supposed to be "tau"). So, once I find σx and σy, I know what to do with Mohr's circle to find the principal stress.

If someone could point me in the right direction for how to find σx and σy, that would be great.

Thank you!
Any hints would be greatly appreciated.

P.S.
This is due in about 12 hours.

***Just remembered that my professor told us to ignore the internal pressure. So, to find sigma x and sigma y, I only use the 200 lb axial force?

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SteamKing
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Have you set up an axis system and drawn a free-body diagram of the problem yet?
Do you know how to determine the axial stress?
Do you know how to determine the stress in the pipe wall due to internal pressure?

1. Yes, I have.
2. I believe so:
A = ∏(0.5)2-∏(0.5-0.025)^2 = 0.0766 in2
σax=P/A = 200 lb/ (0.0766 in2)
= 2611.77 psi
3. just remembered that we were told to ignore the internal pressure

Is my axial stress correct? And how do I get σ1,2 from here?

SteamKing
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Your calculation of A is incorrect. Re-read the description of the pipe carefully.

Oops. I read it as the outer diameter. Now I get A = 0.0805 in^2 and σ = 2484.37 psi.

SteamKing
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Sorry, A is still incorrect. You should review how to calculate the area of a circle.

Wow. Maybe I should try doing homework when I am actually awake. diameter...radius
So, A = 0.0131 in^2, and σ= 15238.1 psi.

SteamKing
Staff Emeritus