Proteins by mitochondria

  • Thread starter Zohar
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Summary:

How many proteins of humans body were translated from the Mitchondria's dna?

Main Question or Discussion Point

The mitochondria has DNA code which being translated to protein in a certain amount. So how many proteins are from the mitochondria compared to the nuclues?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
TeethWhitener
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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_DNA

There are 37 genes in human mitochondrial DNA across ~16500 base pairs, which code for 13 proteins necessary for oxidative phosphorylation.

For comparison, nuclear DNA in humans has 3 billion base pairs, coding for 20000 proteins, with the vast majority of the DNA being non-coding (regulatory sequences, etc.).
 
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