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Question on meaning of some symbols

  1. Sep 26, 2010 #1
    I don't know the meaning of these:

    1) [tex]sup_{B_\delta}|f(x,y)| [/tex]

    Where [itex]B_\delta [/itex] is the ball of radius [itex]\delta[/itex].

    2) [tex]\int \int _{R^2 \B _{\delta} } f(xy)dxdy[/tex]

    I don't know what is [itex]R^2 [/itex]\B[itex] _{\delta} [/itex]

    Please read my latex because the symbol really don't show correctly.
    Last edited: Sep 26, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 26, 2010 #2


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    1) The supremum of {|f(x,y)|} where (x,y) ranges over the ball centered at 0 of radius delta: |(x,y)|=sqrt(x^2+y^2)<delta.

    2) the plane R^2 without the ball centered at 0 of radius delta, i.e. \ (in Latex: "\backslash") means 'complement' or 'set difference'. So it consists of pairs (x,y) of real numbers such that |(x,y)|=sqrt(x^2+y^2)>=delta.
  4. Sep 27, 2010 #3
    Thanks for you reply, so for

    1) Is the upper bound of |f(x,y)| in the ball.

    2) Is the whole 2D plane minus the circle center at 0 with radius [itex]\delta[/itex]
  5. Sep 27, 2010 #4


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    The least upper bound, a.k.a. the supremum ;)
  6. Sep 27, 2010 #5


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    No. There is no such thing as "the" upper bound of a set of numbers. If a set has an upper bound, then it has an infinite number of upper bounds. This is the least upper bound- the smallest number in the set of all upper bounds.

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