Relationship Between Sound Intensity and Power?

  • #1
I understand the inverse square relationship between sound intensity (I) and distance (r). There was a misunderstanding in physics class today about the mathematical and theoretical relationship between sound intensity and power according to the equation:

I = P/4∏r2

Sound intensity is defined as the acoustic power per unit area.

I know it's a stupid question, but can anyone clear this up for me?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
1,033
1
Hi Aimless,

maybe I'm missing something but what's your question.
 
  • #3
Hello :)

Is there a mathematical relationship between sound intensity and sound power?
 
  • #4
1,033
1
Isn't that what you've just written?

I = P/4∏r2
 
  • #5
I mean a direct relationship between power and intensity.
Two teachers were arguing on the relationship between sound intensity and power. In the end, they said something about a direct relationship between power and intensity. I was thinking that I misunderstood something.

Right now it seems they mixed it up with the inverse square law that exists between intensity and distance. Bunch of hooligans.

Thanks though :) All cleared up.
 
  • #6
nasu
Gold Member
3,771
428
The relationship that you wrote is valid for the special case of a point source that produces spherical waves. 4∏r^2 is the area of the sphere with radius r.
If you need the power received by a receptor, for example, you need to multiply the area of the receptor by the intensity at the receptor, assuming the intensity does not change much over the area. If it does, you will need to integrate IdS over the area of the receptor.
 
  • #7
Okay, I see. So it seems that there is no mathematical direct proportionality between intensity and power then. Right?
 

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