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Safest region on Earth from natural disasters

  1. Nov 13, 2012 #1
    Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    My question is simple but may require a complicated answer. What region on earth is safest (note the word "safest") from natural disasters????

    In the United States, there are plenty of tornadoes and hurricanes, along with the threat of earthquakes on the west coast (and east coast too!!!!). Not to mention that the supervolcano in yellowstone is the bomb waiting to explode and finish off North America.

    Europe also has it's supervolcano in Italy that could blow up soon and finish off Europe as we know it.

    So apart from our sun blowing up and the ultimate death of the universe, what region (or area) on earth seem safest from mass natural disasters????? I'm not much of a geology guy (I'm a math guy) so please have mercy when answering!!! Thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 13, 2012 #2

    jedishrfu

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    Last edited by a moderator: Nov 14, 2012
  4. Nov 15, 2012 #3
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    Geologists would look for level places (no mountain building, faults or fissures, etc) where they might find the oldest surface rock. This would indicate little weathering. The Canadian shield satisfies these criteria--Precambrian basement rock around which much of the North American plate is wrapped. It extends from Lake Superior towards the Arctic.

    The one drawback for this area are the episodic periods of glacial ice which scour it, occasionally dropping erratics. These episodes tend to be widely spaced in time.
     
  5. Nov 15, 2012 #4

    Evo

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    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    No blizzards, no floods, no droughts, no insect crop infestations, no earthquakes, no storms, no volcanoes, no sinkholes, no temperature extremes. Can crops be grown, cattle raised?

    Then if you find such a place, is it habitable for humans?

    Or are you just looking for a safe place where humans can't live?
     
  6. Nov 15, 2012 #5
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    No place is perfect, but Ireland comes close. Flooding is a usually a local phenomenon. Stay away from rivers, creeks or low lying ground near the sea. The climate is milder than the UK except close to the west coast where winds off the ocean can be strong.
     
    Last edited: Nov 15, 2012
  7. Nov 15, 2012 #6

    Evo

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    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    But the potato famine all but destroyed them.
     
  8. Nov 15, 2012 #7

    jedishrfu

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    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    The luck of the Irish.

    We were there last year the west coast is amazing, incredibly windy. We went to the Cliffs of Mohr in a rainstorm and nearly got blown off the observation platform. Great trip, great place.
     
  9. Nov 15, 2012 #8
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    True, but depending on one crop to keep the population from starving is asking for trouble. I think the OP is asking about the current situation.
     
  10. Nov 15, 2012 #9
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    Yes, it's a great place to visit. I'm not saying the climate is ideal. It's too cool and damp for many, but in terms of natural disasters, the risk for heat waves, severe cold waves, drought, blizzards, tornados, tsunamis, earthquakes, hurricanes and forest fires (not many trees), to mention a few, is minimal to nil afaik. I don't think any part of Europe is considered to be at significant risk for famine in the foreseeable future, but I could be wrong.
     
    Last edited: Nov 15, 2012
  11. Nov 15, 2012 #10

    jedishrfu

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    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    As an aside the Irish Potato Famine was part of a larger European Potato famine that hit Ireland and Scotland particularly hard. The famine was made worse in Ireland by the absentee landlords who wanted crops grown and exported rather than kept in Ireland to feed the starving.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Potato_Famine
     
  12. Nov 15, 2012 #11
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    Thanks. I was not aware of this. In any case, the situation in Ireland was apparently aggravated by the actions of absentee landlords. It appears from the chart that Ireland had a much larger percentage of arable land (32%) than the other affected nations. Perhaps if so much of its product had not been exported, possibly the Irish famine might have been less severe or not occurred at all? This goes to the question of whether the potato famine in Ireland was less of natural disaster and more of a human-made one.
     
    Last edited: Nov 16, 2012
  13. Nov 16, 2012 #12
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    In peninsular Malaysia there is jungle that has existed continuously for 100 million years.
     
  14. Nov 16, 2012 #13
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    I thought the problem was a monoculture crop. When the blight hit there was no alternative.
     
  15. Nov 16, 2012 #14
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    Yes. That was part of the problem. Who decided that only one monoculture crop would be used to feed the population? According to the link above posted by jedishrfu, Ireland also produced oats. With 32% of its land being arable, it should be have been self sufficient if it had a diversified crop, not to mention producing some animal sourced protein. Where were the decisions being made in terms of what to plant and what to export?

    My point is that the blight was a natural phenomenon, but need not have been a disaster; at least in Ireland.
     
    Last edited: Nov 16, 2012
  16. Nov 16, 2012 #15
    Re: Safest region on Earth from natural disasters....

    That claim is widespread indeed, as a quick google confirms. However, I could not find any scientific source with scholar google that supports it.

    Maybe that this impression comes from some paleo biological studies and the tectonic history, as it has always being on lower lattitudes in that period. By the same token, however, we could have thought that of the Sahara, had we lived ten thousand years ago.

    So, with the apparant absence of a continuous fossil record of the last million years, it's equally likely that Malaysia also has been spending some time in the arid subsidence zones of the hadley cells, that forms deserts like the Sahara. Maybe only a few thousend years, which would only seem a negliblible hiatus on 100 million years.
     
    Last edited: Nov 16, 2012
  17. Oct 14, 2013 #16
    I think the scandinavian region is the safest.

    Sweden for example, never any really harsh weather and never any earthquakes, and faar from vulcanos.
    The air is always fresh and dry and the climate is not harsh.

    What do you say?
     
  18. Oct 15, 2013 #17

    atyy

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    http://www.newstalk.ie/Ireland-on-shaky-ground-with-earthquakes-and-tsunamis- links to http://www.gsi.ie/Programmes/Bedrock/Projects/Tsunami+warning+system+for+Ireland.htm [Broken] .
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 6, 2017
  19. Oct 17, 2013 #18
    No harsh weather? I could do without this:

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs...0b0ad5a-3fb5-11e2-bca3-aadc9b7e29c5_blog.html

    No earthquakes?

    http://www.thelocal.se/42440/ [Broken]

    http://www.thelocal.se/16374/ [Broken]
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 6, 2017
  20. Oct 20, 2013 #19

    meBigGuy

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    antartica is pretty stable (but I hear the weather is a bit harsh)

    How about Paraguay?
     
  21. Oct 20, 2013 #20
    Antarctica is fine if you're a penguin. Otherwise it's uninhabitable in the usual sense. Obviously with technology humans can even live in outer space for a while.

    Paraguay: drought, extreme heat, floods, tropical diseases, wildfires, storms. It's generally safer than Bolivia, Chile and Argentina (earthquakes).

    http://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/statistics/?cid=133
     
    Last edited: Oct 20, 2013
  22. Oct 20, 2013 #21
    As I said, no country is free from the possibility of a natural disaster. However the stats for Ireland are pretty good. On average, only one person per year has died in one of the set of listed natural disasters over the past 30 years, compared to 24 for the UK. After adjusting for population, it's still about 2.4:1 in favor of the Republic of Ireland.

    http://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/statistics/?cid=83

    http://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/statistics/?cid=183
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 6, 2017
  23. Nov 20, 2013 #22
    As a geologist I would say the northern part of The Canadian Shield. Most stable geology. Climate stable. Cold weather tends to limit biological issues.

    Just remember your mitts.
     
  24. Nov 21, 2013 #23

    Chronos

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    There is no 'safe' place on this planet. Certain regions are safer than others from local events, but, death from above, and cataclysmic geological events are an omnipresent threat to the entire planet. One lousy asteroid, nearby energetic cosmic event, or supervolcano eruption are just examples that could render the earth virtually uninhabitable. Its called a mass extinction event. Temporary safety is offered by locations remote from tectonic stress and large bodies of water. However, a favorable location offers no protection from human hubris and indifference.
     
  25. Aug 1, 2015 #24
    I interpret "natural disasters" as including the propensity of human civilizations, nations, cultures to implode (see the historical record) - so a location that is sparsely inhabited, sufficiently above sea level to avoid tsunamis, far away from active volcanos, and likely to have decent rainfall for agriculture even after global warming (think coastal mountain ranges), doesn't have many visitors (less likely for a new plague to infest the region) - not sure anywhere on earth meets all criteria.
     
  26. Aug 4, 2015 #25

    Gaz

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    Well we have it pretty good here in England. No earthquakes, tornadoes or any weather problems.
    we are protected on both sides from tsunamis.
    No offence VandeCarr but when there's a tsunami in the Atlantic ocean Ireland is going to take the hit for us =)
    No dangerous animals (we already killed them all =) no poisonous snakes or spiders.
    And no crazy gun laws =)
     
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