The concerns Searle's notorious "Chinese Room" argument (summary: a computer cannot be conscious because it is all syntax). http://web.archive.org/web/20071210043312/http://members.aol.com/NeoNoetics/MindsBrainsPrograms.html Although I find Searle's arguments flawed (aka wrong), I noticed in Wikipedia that it said that Searle's argument was only applicable to digital computers. Does this mean only deterministic computers? After all, if we extend Searle's analogy (a man in a closed room receiving input of Chinese characters gives output with cards of Chinese characters following some instructions, without that man actually understanding Chinese) by giving the man a stack of cards, some dice, and/or a coin, we could also extend his argument to a quantum computer or some other non-deterministic Turing Machine, no? (Don't tell me why Searle's argument is incorrect; I know that. I am just interested in the domain of his argument.) Thanks for any insight.