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A Speed of sound: viscosity dependece in liquids and solids

  1. May 16, 2018 #1
    Hello,

    Wikipedia gave me prior hints as to how the speed of sound depends on viscosity but after searching on Google scholar and Google, I have yet to find any direct equations/findings that give a direct relationship of the speed of sound to the visocisty of fluids and solids outside of: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0370-1301/66/5/303/pdf

    My question: does anyone know how the speed of sound depends on the viscosity of liquids and solids? Are there any known formulas?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 16, 2018 #2

    russ_watters

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    What article? From what I see, no form of the word "viscosity" appears in the wiki article on the speed of sound:
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_sound
     
  4. May 16, 2018 #3

    Lord Jestocost

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  5. May 16, 2018 #4
    I didn't state that it was from the speed of sound wiki.
     
  6. May 16, 2018 #5
  7. May 16, 2018 #6

    anorlunda

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    Huh? Viscosity is a term we use only for fluids, not solids.
     
  8. May 16, 2018 #7

    russ_watters

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    No, you didn't. So why don't you help us stop guessing and provide your source!

    Further, the fact that it isn't in a relevant article should tell you something.
     
  9. May 16, 2018 #8

    boneh3ad

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    That linked PF thread is full of some extreme nonsense. Sound speed is not generally considered to have a direct relationship with viscosity.
     
  10. May 16, 2018 #9
    Hm then what does the speed of sound depend on when the sound moves with longitudinal waves through solids?
     
  11. May 16, 2018 #10

    boneh3ad

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    Most commonly the bulk modulus (Young's modulus, for a solid) and density. Viscosity isn't even a quantity that makes sense for a solid.
     
  12. May 16, 2018 #11

    russ_watters

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    This is fully covered in the wiki I linked: elasticity(several ways to describe: "bulk modulus" or "young's modulus" for solids) and density.

    Your posts in this thread are very odd. It seems like you want a certain answer and are ignoring answers you don't like and questions we ask you that would better help us understand your issue. Please put more effort into helping us help you.
     
  13. May 16, 2018 #12
    You are all totally right with the viscosity...don't know what I was thinking there. Just a mistake Russ ;).

    So for liquids boneh3ad, since the other post has things that are nonsense in it, would you or anyone know if there is a direct formula with the viscosity being a part of determining the speed of sound? The comment by Lord J with the paper helps but I'm surprised that the only two papers that I now know of are 50-60 years old.

    For solids, is there also a general formula for the speed of sound through solids?
     
  14. May 16, 2018 #13

    russ_watters

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    The answer remains: no, viscosity is not a generally accepted factor in the speed of sound in liquids. And the linked wikipedia article still contains all the answers to your questions.

    I'm going to lock the thread now since the questions have been fully answered and I don't want it to continue going around in circles. Thanks everyone.
     
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