Liquids Definition and 9 Discussions

A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure. As such, it is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, gas, and plasma), and is the only state with a definite volume but no fixed shape. A liquid is made up of tiny vibrating particles of matter, such as atoms, held together by intermolecular bonds. Like a gas, a liquid is able to flow and take the shape of a container. Most liquids resist compression, although others can be compressed. Unlike a gas, a liquid does not disperse to fill every space of a container, and maintains a fairly constant density. A distinctive property of the liquid state is surface tension, leading to wetting phenomena. Water is, by far, the most common liquid on Earth.
The density of a liquid is usually close to that of a solid, and much higher than in a gas. Therefore, liquid and solid are both termed condensed matter. On the other hand, as liquids and gases share the ability to flow, they are both called fluids. Although liquid water is abundant on Earth, this state of matter is actually the least common in the known universe, because liquids require a relatively narrow temperature/pressure range to exist. Most known matter in the universe is in gaseous form (with traces of detectable solid matter) as interstellar clouds or in plasma from within stars.

View More On
  1. hagopbul

    Freezing temperature of vaccines

    Hello all: I have this question , as we all watch the vaccine of Covid-19 reach the market I had this question if the storage temperature of this vaccine is between -20 c to -70c Why the nano droplets in this liquid do not create ice the liquid is not freezing under that conditions although it...
  2. brotherbobby

    Pressure due to two liquids in a U-tube

    (a) Situation (2) is my answer (which cannot be in static equilibrium). The pressures in the lower dashed line (##P_2##) has to be the same on either side (for equilibrium). That means the pressure due to the red liquid is equal to the pressure due to the same length of air column (length)...
  3. A

    B Why is the height of a liquid not affected by the radius of a U-Shaped tube

    Why the height of liquid is not affected by the radius of U-Shaped tube . textbook says this and it does make sense because if increase the radius of u shaped tube the height of liquid should decrease as the liquids take shape of their container. Edit : I could not make the title longer...
  4. YNesterov

    How to find m1 in T = ( m1c1T1 + m2c2T2 ) / ( m1c1 + m2c2 )

    Homework Statement How to find mass of one of the two liquids being mixed if we know all other variables in this formula T = ( m1c1T1 + m2c2T2 ) / ( m1c1 + m2c2 ) ? Homework Equations T = ( m1c1T1 + m2c2T2 ) / ( m1c1 + m2c2 ) The Attempt at a Solution
  5. S

    A solid cylinder of uniform density of 0.85 g/cm3 floats in

    Homework Statement A solid cylinder of uniform density of 0.85 g/cm3 floats in a glass of water tinted light blue by food coloring. Its circular surfaces are horizontal. What effect will the...
  6. D

    Electricity through moving conductive liquid

    We Know that in conductive Solids there are lots of free electrons available & they drift when electric field is applied. Their drift velocity is in the range of mm/sec to cm/sec. Now if we consider any conductive liquid which is flowing & we connect the electrodes in such fashion that the flow...
  7. AdityaDev

    Fluid mechanics: Buoyancy

    Homework Statement A cube of ice is floating in water such that some part of the ice is submerged. Oil is poured on the water.( so water on the bottom, oil on top and ice in between). When the ice melts completely, the level of oil-water interface ______(rises/falls) and the top level of oil...
  8. S

    Non-ideal solution and vapour pressure

    When there is a positive or negative deviation it is due to the interactions between A-A and B-B being weaker or stronger than the interactions between A-B. However, are there any scenarios where the interactions between A-A are stronger than A-B while B-B weaker than A-A or vice versa? In such...
  9. N

    Gasoline smell does not inginte

    Say there is a chair soaked in gasoline. If someone is to walk in the room the smell is immediate if the chair was lit on fire the liquid gasoline would ignite the chair. However, what about the particles that constitute the smell of it? Why don't they ignite as well? What is the nature of the...