# Transverse waves oscillation direction

• jonny23
In summary, for a transverse wave traveling along the x-axis, the particles oscillate in the yz plane, perpendicular to the direction of propagation. This can be explained by the fact that the velocity of the particles is perpendicular to the x-axis, making their oscillations parallel to the yz plane. This is different from the particles' orientation in the xy or xz planes.

## Homework Statement

A transverse wave travels along x-axis . what is direction of oscillation of particles ?

## The Attempt at a Solution

I think the answer is xy plane but Wikipedia says its yz plane . Please explain how?

Particles that are a part of a transverse wave oscillate perpendicular to the propagation of the wave. So, if the wave moves along the x-axis, then the particles must move in the yz plane and mustn't move in any direction parallel to the x-axis.

the particle move perpendicular to x-axis but arent they in xy plane

The particles themselves are in the xy plane, but look at the arrows. The velocity of any given particle is 100% perpendicular to the x-axis. The particles may move in the y direction; they may move in the z direction. Heck, they may even have velocity components in the y direction and in the z direction. It doesn't matter. Knowing the fact that the transverse wave propagates along the x-axis, it is safe to say that the particles are oscillating in any arbitrary orientation in the yz plane. We cannot say that they are doing the same in the xy plane or in the xz plane.

so are they parallel to yz plane or on the yz plane

The particles oscillate parallel to the yz plane.

jonny23

## 1. What is a transverse wave?

A transverse wave is a type of wave that moves perpendicular to the direction of its oscillation. This means that the particles of the medium through which the wave is traveling move up and down or side to side, rather than back and forth along the direction of the wave.

## 2. What is the direction of oscillation in a transverse wave?

The direction of oscillation in a transverse wave is perpendicular to the direction in which the wave is traveling. This means that if the wave is moving horizontally, the oscillation will be vertical, and vice versa.

## 3. How does the direction of oscillation affect the properties of a transverse wave?

The direction of oscillation in a transverse wave affects several properties, including amplitude, wavelength, and frequency. The amplitude of a transverse wave is measured from the equilibrium point to the highest point of oscillation, which will be in the direction of oscillation. The wavelength is measured from one crest to the next, which will also be in the direction of oscillation. The frequency, or number of oscillations per unit of time, is also affected by the direction of oscillation.

## 4. What are some examples of transverse waves?

Some examples of transverse waves include electromagnetic waves (such as light and radio waves), water waves, and seismic S-waves. In all of these examples, the particles of the medium vibrate perpendicular to the direction of the wave's movement.

## 5. How do transverse waves differ from longitudinal waves?

Transverse waves differ from longitudinal waves in their direction of oscillation. In longitudinal waves, the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the direction of the wave's movement, while in transverse waves, the particles vibrate perpendicular to the direction of the wave. Additionally, longitudinal waves can travel through both solids and fluids, while transverse waves can only travel through solids.