Consider a single length of 30 gage magnetic wire that is soldered to form a closed loop. Pinch the wire at either side of the loop between your thumb and index finger using both hands pull the wire away from each other, bringing the top and bottom, of the loop, closer to each other. Temporarily secure the left hand side of the wire so that you are able to twist the wire around itself. You now should have an assembly that looks very much like a common rope but in this case, each end of the rope is attached to each other forming the closed loop. Imagine an independent flux field that is now swiped buy the wire assembly so that the swipe is perpendicular to the twist. This would induce a maximum EMF in the sections of the 'rope' that are perpendicular and induce a minimal EMF in the sections of the rope that run in parallel with the swiping action. Since the wire is a closed loop I would expect that the EMF would be equal in strength regardless of the perpendicular or parallel orientation to the source flux field. Or, does it induce an EMF in half of the wire(twisted closed loop) causing a potential difference in only one half of the loop? What is it about litz wire that aides in maximizing an EMF? Does anyone have a link to help me learn how to make my own litz wire? Or, how does twisting wire aide in electromagnetic induction.