- #1
Silviu
- 624
- 11
Hello! I am a bit confused about matrices dimensions in the second quantization of the Dirac field. The book I am using is "An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory" by Peskin and Schroder and I will focus in this question mainly on the Parity operator which is section 3.6. The field operator (one of them) is written as: ##\psi(x) = \int{\frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^3} \frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_p}}\sum_s(a_p^su^s(p)e^{-ipx}+b_p^{s\dagger}\bar{u}^s(p)e^{ipx})}##. ##b_p^{s\dagger}## acting on vacuum creates an antifermion with momentum p, while ##a_p^s## destroys a fermion state. ##u^s(p)## is a column vector. Now, they are trying to find a ##4\times4## matrix of the parity operator ##P##. They say ##Pa_p^sP=\eta_\alpha a_{-p}^s## where ##\eta## is a possible phase. Based on this, I conclude that ##a_p^s## is a ##4x4## matrix, so that the matrix multiplication makes sense (same for b's). Then they calculate ##P\psi(x)P## and get it equal to ##P\psi(x)P = \int{\frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^3} \frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_p}}\sum_s(\eta_\alpha a_{-p}^su^s(p)e^{-ipx}+\eta_b^* b_{-p}^{s\dagger}\bar{u}^s(p)e^{ipx})}##. This implies that ##\psi(x)## is also a ##4\times4## matrix but here I get confused. Inside the integral, we have terms of the form ##a_{p}^su^s(p)## based on what I said above this should lead to a ##(4\times4)\times(4\times1)=4\times1## column vector, so the whole integral would be a column vector, but it is equal to ##\psi(x)## which is a ##4\times4## matrix, which doesn't make sense to me. Also, when they multiply ##P## on both sides, you would have inside the integral terms of the form ##Pa_{p}^su^s(p)P## which wouldn't make sense because of the column vector ##u^s(p)##, but somehow they just move P to the left of it and solve the problem. So I don't really understand how they do this. I am obviously missing something. Can someone explain this to me please? Thank you!