# Vector Calculus: Mesh Size and Size of Largest Rectangle

## Homework Statement

I need to find a sequence of partitions , let's call it S of R=[0,1]x[0,1] such that as the number of partitions k→∞ , then limit of the area of the largest subinterval of the rectangle in the partition, denoted a(S) tends to 0, but the mesh size m(S) is a non-zero value.

## The Attempt at a Solution

If I denote Δx_i as the partition width for the i-th interval and say Δx_i = (i2/k2)-((i-1)2/k2) = (2i-1)/(k2). Then the width of the largest subinterval will approach 0 as k→∞, which in turn means the the area of the largest subinterval will go to 0. However, I'm unsure how to show the mesh size for the partition can't be 0? Any help is appreciated.

LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member

## Homework Statement

I need to find a sequence of partitions , let's call it S of R=[0,1]x[0,1] such that as the number of partitions k→∞ , then limit of the area of the largest subinterval of the rectangle in the partition, denoted a(S) tends to 0, but the mesh size m(S) is a non-zero value.

## The Attempt at a Solution

If I denote Δx_i as the partition width for the i-th interval and say Δx_i = (i2/k2)-((i-1)2/k2) = (2i-1)/(k2). Then the width of the largest subinterval will approach 0 as k→∞, which in turn means the the area of the largest subinterval will go to 0. However, I'm unsure how to show the mesh size for the partition can't be 0? Any help is appreciated.

You mentioned thinking about long skinny rectangles, and the only thing that came to mind is the dirac-delta function which has a size equal to unity. I don't know if that helps my case, but nothing else spurs into my noggin at the moment.

LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member
How small can the mesh size of a partition having a long single long skinny rectangle be? Say the rectangle has height ##1## and (narrow) width ##w##.

How small can the mesh size of a partition having a long single long skinny rectangle be? Say the rectangle has height ##1## and (narrow) width ##w##.

Would the mesh size just be ##w## ?

LCKurtz
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Gold Member
What is the definition of mesh size? Suppose your mesh was just this one rectangle? What would its mesh size be by that definition?

What is the definition of mesh size? Suppose your mesh was just this one rectangle? What would its mesh size be by that definition?

The mesh size is the greatest widthed partition in the interval [a,b]?

LCKurtz
Homework Helper
Gold Member
The mesh size is the greatest widthed partition in the interval [a,b]?
Remember this is a 2D partition. You are dividing a 2d region into rectangles, not dividing an interval [a,b] into subintervals. These rectangles form a partition of an area. The term "width" isn't really appropriate. Think in terms of largest "diameter" of the rectangle. So what would be the mesh size of the single rectangle I mentioned?

Remember this is a 2D partition. You are dividing a 2d region into rectangles, not dividing an interval [a,b] into subintervals. These rectangles form a partition of an area. The term "width" isn't really appropriate. Think in terms of largest "diameter" of the rectangle. So what would be the mesh size of the single rectangle I mentioned?

Since you are dividing the y coordinate as well, will the area be w^2 ?

LCKurtz