# Aerospace Velocity field around an airfoil

1. Sep 13, 2010

### RandomGuy88

Does anyone know of any available data on velocity measurements in front of an airfoil. I have written a program to calculate the velocity field in front of an airfoil and I need to validate my results but I am having trouble finding any useful data or theory.

2. Sep 13, 2010

The book "Theory of Wing Sections" by Abbott and Doenhoff has pretty much anything you could need about most common airfoils.

It only costs something like \$20 to boot!

3. Sep 14, 2010

### mugaliens

"In front of?" You mean like free stream, before the airfoil has any effect on the air?

4. Sep 14, 2010

### RandomGuy88

No. The airfoil effects the air upstream of the actual airfoil, for example the upwash right in front of the leading edge.

5. Sep 14, 2010

### Cyrus

6. Sep 14, 2010

### RandomGuy88

Does anyone know of any experimental data on the magnitude of this upwash? Or a way to calculate it?

7. Sep 14, 2010

### mugaliens

Gotcha. A symettrical airfoil with no angle of attack will evenly spilit the airstream such that half of the air moves over the top, and half moves under the bottom. Give it a positive AOA, however, and the pressure increases underneath such that more than half of the airflow is pushed up over the top.

At velocities of less than Mach 0.3, the compressible effects are less than 5%, so it's considered subsonic flow. Between Mach 0.3 and 0.8, it's considered compressible flow. That's a start, but the section on gas dynamics contains links to many of the flows and issues associated with airfoils.

It's really necessary to calculate the volume of airflow going up over the wing, as parameters for airfoils are available which allows one to make all necessary computations with respect to velocity, wing geometry, resulting lift and drag.

8. Nov 5, 2010

### sorter

& wht does ths mean??

9. Nov 5, 2010

It doesn't really mean anything, as that answer isn't really correct. You can't measure a volume of air over the top and bottom in an open system like that.

The flow upstream of the airfoil (and around it) can be fairly accurately calculated with potential flow theory. That can take care of everything outside the boundary layer.

10. Nov 5, 2010

### minger

Aye. For a great analytic solution used often times, check out what's called an Joukowski airfoil. It's a shape derived from a complex transformation of a circle, so it has an exact solution. I've used it often for validation.

The paper is OLD and from what I remember is freely available online. There are also exact solutions to plunging and pitching cases as well, although the math gets a little ridiculous for those cases (pages and pages of appendix calculus).