We are all taught that the TEM modes in coax have no low frequency cut-off. So this would suggest that nothing different happens for very long wavelengths that are longer than the coax itself. However, in this rather shocking paper here: http://vixra.org/pdf/1403.0964v5.pdf ...it is suggested that long waves do not exist in a transmission line! Am I reading this paper correctly? I agree if the ends are shorted, there can be no standing waves longer than the length of the cable (obviously), however, the above paper appears to be talking generally for all circumstances. Am I reading this correctly? Any idea exactly where this paper goes wrong? What is the most succinct way to counter the claim in the paper?