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i am beginner in fortran and linux. I have wrote codes for 1d scalar wave as below:

SUBROUTINE fd1d (x_num,x1,x2,t_num,t1,t2,c,u_x1,u_x2,u_t1,ut_t1,u)

implicit none

integer (kind=2) t_num,x_num,t,x

real (kind=4) alpha,c,t_delta,t1,t2,u(t_num+1,x_num+1),ut(x_num+1),x_delta,x1,x2

t_delta = (t2-t1)/real(t_num,kind=4)

x_delta = (x2-x1)/real(x_num,kind=4)

alpha = c*t_delta/x_delta

write ( *,'(a)')''

write ( *,'a,g14.6)') 'Stability condition ALPHA = C * DT/DX = ',alpha

Open (103, FILE='parameters.DAT',status='old')

Open(90, File = "abc.dat", ACCESS = 'APPEND')

!the boundary conditions

call u_x1 ( t_num,x_num,u )

call u_x2 ( t_num,x_num,u )

!the initial data

call u_t1 ( t_num,x_num,u )

call ut_t1( x_num,ut )

t=1

do x=2, x_num

u(t+1,x) = alpha**2 * u(t,x+1) / 2.0D+00 + ( 1.0D+00-alpha**2 ) * u(t,x) &

+ alpha**2 * u(t,x-1) / 2.0D+00 + t_delta * ut(x)

end do

!All subsequent steps in time rely on two previous rows of solution data

do t=2, t_num

do x=2, x_num

u(t+1,x) = alpha**2 * u(t, x+1) + 2.0D+00 * (1.0D+00-alpha**2) * u(t, x) &

+ alpha**2 * u(t, x-1) - u(t-1,x)

end do

end do

return

end SUBROUTINE fd1d

when i am trying to compile, there are errors referring to all parameters which is "symbol 'x1' (and t1, c, x2...) has no implicit type. What is that mean?

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# What is the cause of these error- symbol 'x1' has no implicit type?

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