# What is the kinetic energy of particles in plasma

if i connect an electric current of 30 volts to argon gas to transform it to plasma, what is the average kinetic energy of the argon particles in that plasma?

mfb
Mentor
30 volt is a potential difference, not an electric current. If you just have two electrodes with 30 volts difference in an argon gas, nothing will happen (unless the electrodes are extremely close together).

anorlunda
Staff Emeritus
Current is not measured in volts.

30 volts is not enough.
[PLAIN]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschen's_law said:
For[/PLAIN] [Broken] argon, the minimum arc voltage is 137 V at a larger 12 µm.

Creating a gap of only 12 µm is not easy. You also need a vacuum.

The energy of the particles in the plasma depends on the distance from the arc. Energy considerations are also discussed in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschen's_law

You could do a much better job in phrasing your question. The usefulness of answers here is proportional to the quality of the question.

Last edited by a moderator:
• Khashishi
Some basic physics... A voltage of 30volts will accelerate singly charged ions to provide kinetic energy of 30eV (about 50 x 10-19) joules

• ahmed11
Current is not measured in volts.

30 volts is not enough.

Creating a gap of only 12 µm is not easy. You also need a vacuum.

The energy of the particles in the plasma depends on the distance from the arc. Energy considerations are also discussed in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschen's_law

You could do a much better job in phrasing your question. The usefulness of answers here is proportional to the quality of the question.
then how to make plasma with argon gas, i saw a couple of videos on the internet. could you please explain to me how this happens and how to do it?

i just want to know how to transform argon gas to plasma with electricity and calculate the average kinetic energy of that plasma?

and also can a container of argon gas at 10,000 psi be converted to plasma with electricity or plasma can't exist at high pressure? assuming the container can hold it and how much electricity should be applied to convert that much argon to plasma if possible?

mfb
Mentor
In general: a higher voltage can work.
and also can a container of argon gas at 10,000 psi be converted to plasma with electricity or plasma can't exist at high pressure? assuming the container can hold it and how much electricity should be applied to convert that much argon to plasma if possible?
It can exist, but only at completely unreasonable temperatures (evaporating the container walls).