Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Why does low energy neutrons favor U235 fission?

  1. Aug 17, 2008 #1
    My textbook said that only lower energy neutrons (around 1ev) favor Uranium fission while higher energy neutrons don't. Is there an explaination for this. ( i don't think we are required to know it for the course but i'm just interested...)

    Last edited: Aug 18, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 18, 2008 #2
    I was just looking around on wikipedia and found out that it says that high energy neutrons are easily absorbed by U238. I am guessing the reason that they put the low energy neutrons is to stop the neutrons from being absorbed by the U238... Is this a correct guess? if so why do high energy neutrons get absorbed by the U238 easily while the lower energy neutrons don't?
  4. Aug 18, 2008 #3


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Well the first reason is the pairing force, U238 is a double even nuclei and hence a little bit more bound than U235, and therefore need to get higher energy to pass the activation energy. So U235 can be fissioned by low E neutrons, while U238 don't - it needs more energetically neutrons.

    The second reason is that the cross section to react with a neutron generally decreases as a function of its velocity/energy (general for all atomic nuclei, of course - there also exists peaks in that cross section - so called resonant peaks). And the reason for that general feature of the cross section is that the higher the energy, the less time it passes through\near the nuclei, and the less time to react with it (basically speaking).

    See for instance the fission chapter in the textbook by Krane.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook