What exactly causes eye damage when staring at the Sun? Is the retina heated to a high temperature?
The dominant hazard is excess UV light damaging the cornea and lens.What exactly causes eye damage when staring at the Sun? Is the retina heated to a high temperature?
If so, then it looks like that's the answer to the OP.The dominant hazard is excess UV light damaging the cornea and lens.
Cells don't need to die for you to feel pain/discomfort. I have sensitive eyes and if I'm not wearing sunglasses on a bright day I feel discomfort even if I'm facing away from the sun!I'm not sure Lsos. Unless the cells are getting killed, then I'm not sure what the problem would be.
Sure, but acute damage to your eyes via sunlight would only result from dead cells right?Cells don't need to die for you to feel pain/discomfort. I have sensitive eyes and if I'm not wearing sunglasses on a bright day I feel discomfort even if I'm facing away from the sun!
You are referring to the aversion reflex- that is generated by light hitting the retina, and so is not generated by UV light. Nonetheless- sunlight, in the 400-1400nm spectral region, is of insufficient brightness to physically damage your retina according to experiments on rabbit retinas.<snip>Just from experience, the natural tendency for you to not stare at the sun seems to be down to its brightness, not its UV output.
Infrared radiations are radiations with wavelength about 1nm -3000nm, and with different divisions like Near(.75-1.4), Short(1.4-3), Mid(3-8), Long(8-15) and Far(15-1000) all values are in nm. Now if you are talking about radiations coming from sun, then first of all they are about 2500nm +, secondly radiations are of extremely high intensity, last but not the least they are coming from a source having area larger then area of earth. Further infrared radiations coming from a camp fire is not completely harm less they will harm your eyes but because they are coming from a small source in cool surroundings with less wavelength it will not look like harming instantly.The other night I was watching a campfire and the infrared light from it was intense enough that it warmed my face quite a bit, almost uncomfortably. I must have been receiving quite a bit of invisible light in my eyes, but there was no damage (and I've never heard any warning about watching campfires being dangerous to eyes).
On the other hand, light from the Sun would not warm my skin as much as the fire did, yet looking directly at the Sun would damage my eyes. Also, I know that infrared lasers can be quite an eye hazard because your eyes don't respond to limit the light at all.
This leads me to believe the following conclusions: A. Infrared light can damage your eyes. B. The intensity of light received from a campfire can be higher than from the Sun. C. Even if there is more intense light from a campfire, it is safer than light from the Sun.
Why isn't light from a campfire a danger to your eyes?