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Why electric potential of arc treated like point charge

  1. Feb 17, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Give an expression to find V of Arc of uniform charge (at the center, or origin)

    2. Relevant equations

    V=kQ/R


    3. The attempt at a solution

    the solution is kQ/R. I'm wondering why an arc can be treated like a point charge...
    Is this reason partly connected to a conducting sphere, and the fact is has an equal charge distribution everywhere, even at its hollow center? Likewise, would a uniform arc also be seen as a hollow conducting sphere?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 17, 2012 #2

    tiny-tim

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    hi lonewolf219! :smile:

    electric potential is a scalar, and so we add the contributions (from different parts) as scalars (ie ordinary numbers) …

    this works for any shape :wink:

    (unlike electric field, which is a vector, and so we add the contributions as vectors)
     
  4. Feb 17, 2012 #3
    Thanks Tiny-Tim...

    Just starting the second semester of introductory physics. A little confusing with electric force, electric field, electric potential and electric potential energy...

    As you pointed out, scalars versus vectors. But I guess there is little connection between an arc and a conducting sphere...
     
  5. Feb 17, 2012 #4

    ehild

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    You can consider the arc as a lot of equal point charges arranged in arc from. A line element dL has a charge dQ, and contributes to the potential by dV= kdQ/R at the centre. The contributions of the charges add up: so the total potential at the centre is the integral of these contributions.

    [itex]V=\int{\frac{kdQ}{R}}[/itex].

    k/R is constant, it can be factored out from the integral, so [itex]V=\frac{k}{R}\int{dQ}=\frac{kQ}{R}[/itex].

    ehild
     

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  6. Feb 18, 2012 #5

    tiny-tim

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    hi lonewolf219! :smile:

    (just got up :zzz: …)
    electric force is a force (as in "F = ma")

    electric field is electric force per charge

    electric potential energy is what it says, the PE of the electric field

    electric potential is electric potential energy per charge

    (just as gravitational potential is gravitational potential energy per mass: PE/m = mgh/m = gh, or = -mMG/mr = -MG/r)
     
  7. Feb 20, 2012 #6
    Thanks guys!!!!!!!!!!

    People like you are the reason physics forums is so awesome...
     
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