An electric arc, or arc discharge, is an electrical breakdown of a gas that produces a prolonged electrical discharge. The current through a normally nonconductive medium such as air produces a plasma; the plasma may produce visible light. An arc discharge is characterized by a lower voltage than a glow discharge and relies on thermionic emission of electrons from the electrodes supporting the arc. An archaic term is voltaic arc, as used in the phrase "voltaic arc lamp".
Techniques for arc suppression can be used to reduce the duration or likelihood of arc formation.
In the late 1800s, electric arc lighting was in wide use for public lighting.
Some low-pressure electric arcs are used in many applications. For example, fluorescent tubes, mercury, sodium, and metal-halide lamps are used for lighting; xenon arc lamps have been used for movie projectors. Electric arcs can be utilized for manufacturing processes, such as electric arc welding and electric arc furnaces for steel recycling.
I recently watched History of the Universe and they talked about the Giant Arc, a large scale structure that spans 3.3 billion light years long, exceeding the hypothetical limit of 1.2 billion. The Arc was discovered last year.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Giant_Arc
They said if the Giant...
I'm attempting to write some code using the Ruby programming language that will give me the radius of an arc but the only pieces of information I have to work with are the arc length (L), the chord length (C), and the circular segment angle in degrees (A):
I'm hoping someone can show me how to...
define charge at an infinitesimal length of arc
$$dQ = \lambda R d \theta$$We only care about the x component of the electric field because the y components cancel due to symmetry
$$dE_x = \frac{k_e dQ}{R^2} cos \theta$$
Integrate to add up the infinitesimal parts. A quarter circle means 90...
I can't seem to find the arclength between A and B.
I tried using L = integral (0.6 to 0.4) of sqrt (1+ (dz/dx)^2) to no avail.
Would it be roughly similar to 400 km (the length from A to B) since the change in elevation could be considered negligible? Furthermore, how might I go about...
I am having trouble understand where area circled in red.
I get that lamda is Q/L. The charge is +Q. Length is pi/R/2.
I am having trouble understanding why the length is pi/R/2? Is it because the circumference of a circle is 2*pi*R and since we have broken this problem down to just...
The vector equation is ## v(x)=(e^x cos(2x), e^x sin(2x), e^x) ##
I know the arc-length formula is ## S=\int_a^b \|v(x)\| \,dx ##
I found the derivative from a previous question dealing with this same function, but the when I plug it into the arc-length function I get an integral that I've...
The full title of the publication is:
Rare Events Detected with a Bulk Acoustic Wave High Frequency Gravitational Wave Antenna
It is published in Physics Review Letters and reported in Phys Org.
They have created a small piezo-electric device (< 2cm, though it gets bigger once you create an...
Summary:: Given a known closed space/apparatus ( e.g. constant volume, pressure, density, current, temperature, voltage, spark gap distance - let me know if I missed something) how would I compute the change in gas temperature.
Hello,
Given a known closed space/apparatus ( e.g. constant...
In my mind, I had cut half of B and, thought it's semi-circle. Then, I was trying to find Center of Mass by taking it as semi-circle. But, I get an answer which is approximately, close to main answer. Someone else had solved it another way
This way I can get the accurate answer. But, the...
Summary:: Question concerning the behavior of a ball bearing inside a projectile fired straight up or at an arc.
Within a projectile is a 1-inch cylindrical cavity, inside of which is a steel ball bearing that can freely roll along the length of the cavity. When the projectile is fired...
I need to account for tension, weight, and repulsion.
For the tension, I can draw the x and y component of Tmax and see that the x components of the 2 tensions Tmax will cancel out, and there are 2 y components of the Tmax to factor in.
Weight is just F = mg, where g is acceleration due to...
Hello,
I want to make a choke for a AC to DC welder conversion.
The welder is a 50hz single phase oil cooled unit with constant current output upto 110A. I will bridge rectify the output to give rectified AC output.
I need to smooth the output and as I need a constant current output, I'll...
Problem: See Attachment. Parts (a) & (b) are clear, but my confusion arises in (c)-- I feel like there is a much simpler form. While technically my answer is correct, there must be something I'm missing.
I parameterized the curve C=(t, e^2t, e^2t) and got c'(t)=(1,2e^2t,2e^2t), which should...
My attempt:
1) I am going to start this with a goal of setting up a reimann sum. First I divide the "arc"(?) of angle pi into n sub-arcs of equal angle Δθ
2) The total center of mass can be found if centers of mass of parts of the system are known. In each circular arc interval, I choose a...
The first part is not a problem, I let one radius lie along the ##x## axis and then we can write down
##S_x = \frac{M}{2}f(\frac{\alpha}{2})\cos{\frac{3\alpha}{2}} + \frac{M}{2}f(\frac{\alpha}{2})\cos{\frac{\alpha}{2}} = Mf(\alpha)\cos{\alpha}##
from which we can then get the following after...
I'm trying to evaluate the arc length between two points on a 2-sphere.
The geodesic equation of a 2-sphere is:
$$\cot(\theta)=\sqrt{\frac{1-K^2}{K^2}}\cdot \sin(\phi-\phi_{0})$$
According to this article:http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0016v1.pdfthe arc length parameterization of the 2-sphere...
Hi everyone 🙂
I have read this article about the arc converter, also known as the Poulcen arc.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arc_converter
It was apparently one of the first electric oscillators. Apparently, an electric arc was produced between two electrodes to put in resonance a RLC...
Hi everyone :)
I open this discussion because I would like to know how electric arcs are able to be drawn.
Indeed, I have been told that it is perfectly possible to draw electric arcs at very low voltage, by simply putting in contact two electrodes and then drawing them apart. I wanted to try...
Hello, everyone. Does anyone know how much steam is produced by an electric arc furnace in a set amount of time? I have not been able to find any information on this despite how much water is no doubt used to cool the electric arc furnace. Can anyone help?
After seeing a discussion about graphs of the relationship ##x^x + y^y = r^r##, it got me interested in attempting to see what the graphical appearance of ##{^{\infty}x}+{^{\infty}y}={^{\infty}r}## would look like. The first step I did was use the relationship of...
I am a masters student studying motion analysis in human running.
I need to find the angle of the parable tangent derived from the theoretical arc traced by a foot during a step and the ground (see attached). The arc comprises of a persons step height and step length and I need to find the...
I'm trying to determine if a certain bicycle tire size will fit my bike, and that determination is based on the inflated diameter (or width) of the tire. As such, I'm trying to come up with a formula that will give me the diameter of a bicycle tire as a function of the tire's carcass width and...
Problem Statement: The motorcycle is traveling at 40 m/s when it is at A. If the speed is then decreased at v'=-(0.05s)m/s^2, where s is in meters measured from A, determine its speed and acceleration when it reaches B. I attached a picture of the problem.
Relevant Equations: S = S_0 + v_0(t)...
I am in the process of making a tent and need to get two curved surfaces to meet.
I need to find the length of a Chord of a circle given that I have the Arc length and Arc Height (that's all), no radius or anything else.
I suspect that I will need a radius to find this. Or am I missing a...
I got the first part of it down, $$L=\int_1^5 \sqrt{1+(\frac{1}{x^2})}dx$$
I just want to know if it's right to make your ##f(x)=\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{x^2}}## then compute it's second derivative and find it's max value, for the trapezoidal error formula.
Hi,
If I have a straight beam and I start to push its ends towards each other with force F, the beam will obviously bend into an arc. What is the height/amplitude at the center of the arc when the beam length is l and the beam ends have been displaced by d. How much force (P) the center part...
<Moderator's note: Moved from a homework forum.>
Calculate the required voltage to produce a electric arc between 2 iron nails (distance: 3cm).
I´ve read in the internet that you need 1 kV per mm. But how can I calculate this value, that I need 1kV per 1mm?
Please see the attached image. It's a part of a study guide for my final, but I didn't put it in the homework section because I already got the answer, I just don't know what it means.
The question has to do with the differential of an arc length. I made some drawings to see if I could make some...
Homework Statement
Calculate the angle of Projection for which Kinetic Energy at the highest point of trajectory equal to one-fourth of its kinetic energy at point of projection?
Homework Equations
Range and height of Projectile equations
The Attempt at a Solution
[/B]
I've made two...
Homework Statement
Find the magnitude of the magnetic induction B of a magnetic field generated by a system of thin conductors along which a current i is flowing at a point A(O,R,O), that is the center of a circular conductor of radius R. The ring is in the yz plane.
Homework Equations
[/B]...
This is not a school problem, just my own mucking about, but since it has the form of a problem, I am willing to shift it to the "homework problems" rubric.
If there is a theoretical string (no thickness, etc.) that is non-stretchable tied to two endpoints and is long enough to be able to form a...
Homework Statement
I have attached a picture of the problem in the attachments
I need help on the last section, (part d)
Homework Equations
(1)##∫√( (dx/dt)^2+(dy/dt)^2)dt##
(2)##∫√( 1+(dy/dx)^2)dx##[/B]
The Attempt at a Solution
In order to get the answer we just need to find the...
Why does my laptop's screen refresh every time I bring a metal object (any size) to my electric lighter?
-Happens when I am 1 foot away from the laptop
-1 foot away from the external monitor's wires (HDMI & power)
1. Video footage (MUST WATCH)
NOTE: the laptop screen also flickers a bit
NOTE...
Homework Statement Let r be a positive constant. [/B]
Consider the cylinder x2 + y2 ≤ r2, and let C be the part of the cylinder that satisfies 0 ≤ z ≤ y.
(3) Let a be the length of the arc along the base circle of C from the point (r, 0, 0) to the point (r cos θ, r sin θ, 0) (0 ≤ θ ≤ π). Let...
given: 128kg F1 = 28 N, F2 = 57 N, F3 = 38 N, θ1 = 30°, and θ3 = 60°.They are asking for the angle (measured relative to the positive direction of the x axis in the range of (-180°, 180°]) of the asteroid's acceleration?
The problem is displayed on quadrant I and IV
for vector notation I got...
The question is asking me to find s, the arc length of a circle.
How do I convert my answer in radians to the book's answer 7.54 meters?
Theta = 4pi/5
radius = 3 meters
See picture.
Working on a project at work for backlash in a gearbox. I need to know the amount of backlash in arc minutes that this particular ratio has. Wondering if my approach is on the right path.
So can calculate the loose tolerance by the amount of end play in the input shaft and output shaft, add...
How can l convert an inch dimension to arc minutes? We have a customer who requires a 3 foot diameter roll not move more than an 1/8 inch. I need to convert the 1/8 inch to arc minutes to compare to the backlash in our gearing.
Any help is greatly appreciated.
These are the two things that I'm going over in my PreCalculus class- the Difference Quotient and the Average Rate of Change of a Function. I'm confused as to what exactly they are, and how they relate to each other.
Average Rate of Change= ##\frac {f \left(b\right) - f\left(a\right)} {b - a...
Homework Statement
Consider the curves: y = x^2 from 1/2 to 2 and y = \sqrt{x} from 1/4 to 4.
a. Explain why the lengths should be equal.
b. Set up integrals (with respect to x) that give the arc lengths of the curve segments. Use a substitution to show that one integral can be...
Homework Statement
Consider a conductor wire with a charge Q uniformly distributed, shaped in the form of an arc of radius R and amplitude 2A (were A is a given number between 0 and π).
Find the value of the electric field in the center of the arc.
Homework Equations
##E(P)= \int K_e...
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/k
nown data
x = (sin(t))^2 y = (cos(t))^2 t goes from 0 to 3 pi
Homework Equations
∫ \sqrt{ {(dx/dt)}^2 + {(dy/dt)}^2 } dt
The Attempt at a Solution
∫ \sqrt{ {(2sin(t)cost)}^2 + {(-2cos(t)sin(t))}^2 } dt
∫ \sqrt{ 4(sin(t)cos(t))^2 +...
is it possible to create a plasma arc across multiple electrodes?
like: cathode___ anode____________________cathode then back to anode from source?
is this possible? and if yes does it need electrolyte at the anode in the middle and how to apply it?
(cos(s), sin(s)) gives an arc-length parameterization of the unit circle so that the speed is constantly 1, but the second derivative doesn't give zero acceleration which should be the case with constant speed?