(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A 5530-kg satellite is in a circular earth orbit that has a radius of 1.81 × 10^7 m. A net external force must act on the satellite to make it change to a circular orbit that has a radius of 8.01 × 10^6 m. What work must the net external force do?

2. Relevant equations

Orbital Speed:

v = sqrt( G * M_e / r )

where G is the gravitational constant and M_e is earth's mass

Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem:

W = K_f - K_i = .5*m*v_f^2 - .5*m*v_i^2

3. The attempt at a solution

v_i = sqrt( 6.674e-11 * 5.98e24kg / 1.81e7m )

v_i = 4695.74m/s

v_f = sqrt( 6.674e-11 * 5.98e24kg / 8.01e6m )

v_f = 7058.74m/s

W = .5*m*v_f^2 - .5*m*v_i^2

W = .5*5530kg*7058.74m/s^2 - .5*5530kg*4695.74m/s^2

W = 7.68002e10J

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# Work done by a force changing the distance of a satellite's orbit

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