1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data How much work is done by a force= (2x)i N + (3)j N with x in meters, that moves a particle from a position (initial) = (2m)i + (3m)j to a position (final) = (-4m)i + (-3m)j? Answer: - 6 J 2. Relevant equations Work = integral of Force 3. The attempt at a solution W = [x^2] i + [3x] j W = [4^2 - 2^2] i + [3(-3) - 3(3)] j W = 12 i -18 j W magnitude = 21.6J I realize I am doing this wrong becasue the Magnitude will always be positive and the answer (from back of book) is negative. I tried this in a similar way where I took the difference between the two position vector and then placed it in the integral rd = (-6) i + (-6) j Got W = 36 i + 18 j still wrong. Help, pretty please?
To save typing all the i's and j's, I'll use the notation (2,3) = 2i + 3j. I'll also cut corners by leaving out the units. Assuming the movement is in a straight line, we can parameterize the particle's path from the initial point (2,3) to the final point (-4,-3) by an equation such as [tex]\mathbf{r}(t) = (x,y) = (2,3) - t(6,6), \enspace 0 \leq t \leq 1.[/tex] -(6,6) is the displacement vector from the initial point to the final point, that is, the difference between them. Then [itex]x=2-6t[/itex], and [tex]d\mathbf{r} = (dx,dy) = -(6,6) dt.[/tex] So [tex]\int_{\mathbf{r}(0)}^{\mathbf{r}(1)} \mathbf{F}(\mathbf{r}) \cdot d\mathbf{r}[/tex] [tex]=\int_{(2,3)}^{(-4,-3)}(2x,3) \cdot (dx,dy) = \int_{0}^{1}(42-72t) \; dt = -6[/tex]
Oopsh, sorry, I missed out a minus in front of the integral on the right. Are the following steps clear? [tex]x = 2 - 6t[/tex] [tex](2x,3) = (2(2-6t),3) = (4-12t,3)[/tex] [tex](4-12t,3) \cdot (-6,-6) = -6(4-12t) - 18 = -42 + 72t.[/itex] -(6,6) comes from differentiating [itex]\mathbf{r}[/itex].
Hi Rasalhague. Thank you for helping me. My test is this Wednesday, but I have lots of other tests so sorry about the delay. A couple things: 1) where did time come from? The question never mentioned it- only position. 2) I understand this: r = (-6) i + (-6) j r = -(6,6) 3) where does this come from: x=2-6t (I think this is an extension of being confused about the time)? Why is integral not (x^2)i + (3x) j ??? Thank you again for your help and I am sorry if I am difficult.
The reason time confuses me is that isn't POWER change in work over time? I thought the difference between Force and power is whether your taking the derivative of work with respect to time or with respect to position....?
Okay, I figured out what I did wrong. I had this part right: W = [x^2] i + [3x] j W = [4^2 - 2^2] i + [3(-3) - 3(3)] j W = 12 i -18 j What I needed to do was subtract 18 from 12 W = 12 - 18 = -6 (answer!) I wasn't doing this becasue I thought they were sepearte becasue of the separate components. Wow, I can't believe I was so close for so long! I still don't completely understand why you just add i and j together to find work instead of finding the magnitude... but it works for many similar book problems so I know this is the right way to do it. Thanks for the help. :)