Calculating physical separation of 2 sources at unknown angle.by BOYLANATOR Tags: angle, physical, separation, sources, unknown 

#1
Nov1313, 11:07 AM

P: 173

I am doing a small project on Gamma Ray Bursts. I am looking at a data set of around a dozen bursts which are observed at an angular offset from their host galaxies (My theory is that they are in dwarf galaxies orbiting the host galaxy).
Say the average separation of these GRBs is 4 arcseconds from the hosts. This will not be the real separation because the observations could have a line of sight component of separation which is unobservable. I am looking for a scale factor to multiply the observed quantities by. At first I thought the observations would be scaled down by a factor of the average of sin x over a half cycle. This corresponds to the average of the angle which the burst can be to the plane perpendicular to the line of sight. Then I though of the orbit as a circle somewhere around a sphere. I believe there are two separate axes of rotation for this circle which would decrease our observed separation. Leading to a downsizing factor of the average of (sin x)^2 over a half cycle. I think the first one is correct but I have confused myself in the visualization. A convincing answer would be great. 



#2
Nov1313, 04:37 PM

Mentor
P: 10,791

If you consider the squared distance, the coordinates get independent. You see 2 of 3 coordinates, so you just 2/3 of the real average squared distance, assuming all directions from the host galaxy have the same probability.




#3
Nov1413, 07:45 AM

P: 173

So I should multiply my values by √(3/2) then. Thanks



Register to reply 
Related Discussions  
Unknown angle between two vectors  Introductory Physics Homework  2  
How do I know what the separation point is on a Pressure Coefficient vs Angle graph ?  Aerospace Engineering  1  
On the Physical Separation of Time  Special & General Relativity  70  
Minimum separation, impact parameter, and scattering angle  Advanced Physics Homework  1  
Our sources of fear/anguish; permitted by the physical universe.  General Discussion  12 