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Positive charge distributed uniformly along y axis 
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#1
Aug2806, 09:29 PM

P: 15

I have a physics question that states:
An amount of positive charge is distributed uniformly along the positive yaxis between y=o and y=a. A negative point charge q lies on teh positive x=axis a distance r from the origin. Derive the x and y compontes of the force that the charge distribution exerts on Q exerts on q. I have figured the y force to be: (Qqk/a)[(q/x)(1/(a^2 +x^2)^1/2)] I did this by drawing out the graph and by doing an intgral from 0 to a on dfsin theta. Where theta is the angle where the line comes from the top of through q. I then used trig substitution to figure out what sin theta is. The part that I am stuck on is how do I solve for the force on the X axis. Any help is much appreciated. 


#2
Aug2906, 07:45 AM

Sci Advisor
HW Helper
P: 6,654

[tex]F = \frac{kq}{(r^2+y^2)}dQ = \frac{kqQ}{a(r^2+y^2)}dy[/tex] So the components of the Coulomb force on q would be: [tex]F_x = \frac{kqQ}{a}\int_0^a \frac{1}{y^2+r^2}cos\theta dy[/tex] [tex]F_y = \frac{kqQ}{a}\int_0^a \frac{1}{y^2+r^2}sin\theta dy[/tex] where [itex]sin\theta = y/\sqrt{y^2+r^2}[/itex] and [itex]cos\theta = r/\sqrt{y^2+r^2}[/itex] Work out those integrals and you should get the right answer. AM 


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