What is Data science: Definition and 52 Discussions

Data science is an interdisciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from structured and unstructured data, and apply knowledge and actionable insights from data across a broad range of application domains. Data science is related to data mining, machine learning and big data.
Data science is a "concept to unify statistics, data analysis, informatics, and their related methods" in order to "understand and analyze actual phenomena" with data. It uses techniques and theories drawn from many fields within the context of mathematics, statistics, computer science, information science, and domain knowledge. However, data science is different from computer science and information science. Turing Award winner Jim Gray imagined data science as a "fourth paradigm" of science (empirical, theoretical, computational, and now data-driven) and asserted that "everything about science is changing because of the impact of information technology" and the data deluge.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. D

    I Vector subspace and basis vectors in the context of data science

    The book I am studying from presents vector subspace as an infinite collection of vectors in a vector space with the properties of additive and multiplicative closure and basis vectors as a way to characterize/write a subspace compactly. All the vectors in the subspace can be written as linear...
  2. P

    Physics Looking to transition from data science to computational physics

    In my late twenties, currently working as a data scientist in the UK, looking to sit A level maths, further maths and physics as a private candidate (not going through a distance learning provider) and pursue a joint degree in physics and computer science (which I know both St Andrews and...
  3. R

    Physics Does a datascience job help in applying for PhD or physics scholarship

    I have a math degree and currently pursuing a BS in physics, I've been offered a job as a data scientist with occasional machine learning stuff. 1) Would this be helpful for my career in physics? If yes then how? (I'm aware that machine learning is being used in various areas of physics, but...
  4. A

    Can AI Technologies Interpret and Convert Musical Notes into Audio?

    Musical notes Can AI, Machine learning, Data science, Computer vision, image processing technologies assist in interpreting musical notes ? Input dataset : Musical notes Output : Sound (Audio file) played. A python program which can assist in interpreting or converting text to speech ?. The...
  5. A

    New Olympic games Logo Designs -- Can Machine Learning help?

    Olympic games logo We have the beautiful logo designed for Olympic games. Five rings of different colours each representing the Continent. Significance of friendship between all continents. Countries representing the Olympic games from various continents. Questions 1 The Origin of this Olympic...
  6. soniajessi

    Other Is Data Science a good career Choice?

    Is data science in demand? Is data science hard? How many hours do data scientists work? Is it hard to find a job as a data scientist?
  7. jedishrfu

    The Data Science of Elizabeth Bik Unmasks Hydrochloraquin

    An article of data scientist Elizabeth Bik and her efforts to unmask the bad science surrounding Hydrochloraquin https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/stephaniemlee/elisabeth-bik-didier-raoult-hydroxychloroquine-study and some biographic info on Dr Bik: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabeth_Bik
  8. T

    Engineering Data Science applied to Aerospace Engineering without AE background

    Apparently, DS can be applied to the Aero industry, but how is a question that I still can't find an answer, and which proves to be incredibly elusive online. I don't mean the Business Intelligence positions, I want to get more involved with the engineering team. Can a Data Scientist be useful...
  9. Lecture 5a - Pandemic Pedantics - Derivation of PCA and Kernel PCA

    Lecture 5a - Pandemic Pedantics - Derivation of PCA and Kernel PCA

    Here we talk about how we come to the formulas for PCA and Kernel PCA. We briefly introduce kernel functions, and talk about feature spaces. This builds on the introductory lecture for PCA and also that for Kernel PCA.
  10. Lecture 5 - Science, Toys, and the PCA

    Lecture 5 - Science, Toys, and the PCA

    We open this lecture with a discussion of how advancements in science and technology come from a consumer demand for better toys. We also give an introduction to Principle Component Analysis (PCA). We talk about how to arrange data, shift it, and the find the principle components of our dataset.
  11. Lecture 3 - How SVDs are used in Facial Recognition Software

    Lecture 3 - How SVDs are used in Facial Recognition Software

    This video builds on the SVD concepts of the previous videos, where I talk about the algorithm from the paper Eigenfaces for Recognition. These tools are used everywhere from law enforcement (such as tracking down the rioters at the Capitol) to unlocking your cell phone.
  12. Lecture 2 - Understanding Everything from Data - The SVD

    Lecture 2 - Understanding Everything from Data - The SVD

    In this video I give an introduction to the singular value decomposition, one of the key tools to learning from data. The SVD allows us to assemble data into a matrix, and then to find the key or "principle" components of the data, which will allow us to represent the entire data set with only a few
  13. Lecture 1 - Data Driven Methods in Dynamical Systems

    Lecture 1 - Data Driven Methods in Dynamical Systems

    This is an introductory video for my class on data driven methods in dynamical systems theory. We will cover topics including SVDs, FFTs, DMD, PCA, and many other acronyms.
  14. Mikkel

    Job Skills Preparing for a career as quantitative analytist

    Hello, I'm looking for any advice on how to prepare myself for a starting position as a quantitative analytist (quant). I'm currently doing my Master's in astrophysics, where I for the last 1½ year have been practicting my coding skills, as I found myself gravitated towards the industry's data...
  15. S

    Prob/Stats Any good math-theory-focused books on neural networks and data science?

    Hi. I'm looking for books on data science, preferably leaning towards neural networks, that focus on mathematical rigor. For example, theorems on optimization, minimum number of layers to accomplish a task efficiently, etc. Most books I've seen seem to hand wave this stuff. Anyone know any juicy...

    Other Unsure between computational physics and data science

    What would be better to choose as a career COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS or DATA SCIENCE Is there any pro and con?
  17. J

    Other Last year of my Ph.D, and having a crisis about my work (data science)

    Hi all, I just want to gain some perspective as I am sure there are people in the same boat or have been where I am. I am in the home stretch of my Ph.D in Biomedical Engineering, I have manuscript published and a couple more in the pipeline. I work in big data and how to use it to come up...
  18. C

    Physics Why Are Physicists Switching to Data Science Careers?

    Just read an interesting article that profiled several physicists who made the transition into data science. For anyone who's interested... https://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/from-physics-to-data-science?fbclid=IwAR2geBOy4X8ar2Bax27XC-1n74wamzg3ByBIa658urBbKIdQK_OX--LXvIg
  19. astroman707

    For astronomers, what software/languages do you use to handle data?

    For all the astronomers and astrophysicists out there, what are your preferred methods of dealing with large swaths of data? What are your go to programming languages, and software?
  20. astroman707

    B How prevalent is the R language in astronomy research?

    I’ve heard that C++, python, and IDL are most commonly used in observational astronomy research, but how common is R in the field?
  21. Avatrin

    Job Skills Data Science on Github: How to Get Started Quickly

    Hi I have the educational background to do a few jobs I have seen posted as "data scientist" or "data engineer". However, I keep getting told that to get a job like that with my background, in mathematics, I need to post code examples on Github. However, I always feel like my ideas are either...
  22. R

    Math Job opportunities USA that combine data science with physics

    Hello, I am a Belgian master in physics and astronomy with a couple of years of working experience under his belt, who recently decided to obtain a second master in statistics. Normally I should graduate in 2020. My goal is to become a data scientist, but preferably within a scientific context...
  23. A

    Deleting Old Accounts on Scientific Forums

    Hello! New here. Sort of. I have a major in math. I'd like to specialize in data science for my master's degree. This is my 2nd account here. I don't know how to delete the other one. Can anyone tell? Thanks.
  24. FallenApple

    Job Skills How to quickly prepare for a Data Science Career

    Some background, I have a Masters in Statistics and Bachelors in Applied Mathematics so It's not like I'm starting from scratch. But after graduation, I've been involved in education. I'm about one year out. I suppose this would hurt me in breaking in the field. I've interviewed at a few...
  25. E

    What does the future hold for data science in light of privacy concerns?

    What do you think the future of data science would be, given the increasing privacy concern of collecting and sharing users data?
  26. E

    Engineering Still Struggling finding a data science job

    Hello, After more than 18 months of applying for jobs in my field (Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering/Wireless Communication) and in others (e.g., Data Science), in my country of origin, the country of graduation and residency (Canada), and other countries, I still haven't been called for any...
  27. E

    Other Writing a resume for data science positions

    Hello all, I revised a resume for data science positions. I empathized on skills that are needed for the positions like statistics/mathematics and programming. I mention that I am familiar with the theory of many machine learning algorithms and Python libraries used for data analysis. I still...
  28. E

    Python Projects involving data science

    Hello, I am trying to do some projects on data science/machine learning using Python, but I am not sure what to do. I downloaded a very simple dataset from WHO, and I am trying to do something with it, but most of (actually all) what I can do with it is data manipulation and exploratory data...
  29. F

    Job Skills Can Data Science Skills Lead to Careers in Physics?

    Hello everyone, sorry in advance for the long post I am about to finish up with a masters degree in Data Analytics within a year and will soon be switching careers from being a Systems Admin, which I am quickly burning out on. As an undergrad, I wanted to major in Physics, but the college I...
  30. E

    Bash shell scripting and data science

    Hello, I've noticed that a number of employers ask for knowledge in Linux and shell scripting for data science positions. How does bash shell scripting help in the filed of data science, or in general why to learn it? Thanks
  31. E

    Job Skills Are internships necessary for transitioning into data science?

    Hello, I want to switch careers from EE to data science. I am taking courses in the field, reading books, and will do some online projects. Do I need to take internships on top of that? If yes, how willing are the companies to take interns? Would they respond if I emailed them without...
  32. K

    Other Is learning C necessary for becoming a data scientist?

    Greetings people from PF! I want to start my journey as a Data Scientist and currently I'm doing baby steps. I heard from people that every Data Scientist should learn Python, but problem is that I'm currently learning Java from the book Head First Java where they intuitively explain object...
  33. Q

    Admissions Computational physics career change

    Hi, I am confused about which to choose between computational physics and data science. Actually I am a computer science undergraduate and I have 4 years of experience in data mining. I discovered my interest in physics, so I planned to do a graduate degree with the focus of physics. But the...
  34. S

    Programs Which online data science masters to consider

    I’m looking into enrolling in a part-time online data science-related masters program, and am looking for suggestions/feedback on which ones to consider.Some might consider those a waste of time and money and I can just self study, but given that, I would like to still pursue this to get a...
  35. P

    Physics Transitioning from teaching to Data science

    Hi all! First of all I am sorry about (grammatical ,etc) mistakes that I maybe do but english is not my first language. I am physics teacher in Greece holding a B.Sc. in Physics and a M.Sc. in Physics teaching. After 3 years of professional teaching I would like to start working in another...
  36. Q

    Studying How should I prepare for a computational science masters?

    Hi I am a computer science undergraduate planning to do a master's degree in computational science(scientific computing) winter 2018. Since I have a bachelor's degree in computer science, I want to prepare before I apply for a degree. As of now I am following basic mathematics from A level...
  37. Ackbach

    MHB Data Science and Systems Integration Blog Post

    Really excited about this blog post by yours truly. Wineman Technology is going places!
  38. Jameson

    MHB What is the Kaggle Data Science Bowl 2017 competition about?

    There is a neat site called Kaggle that is home to lots of data science info and the place of very featured competitions with large cash prizes. The goal of this year's competition was to create a model to detect lung cancer. It just wrapped up last week and the results are being verified right...
  39. A

    Job Skills Masters in Statistics vs in data science? Is DS just buzz?

    which do you think is the smarter choice, in terms of employ-ability: ms in statistics or Ms in data science? do you think "data science" is just a buzz words that will die out? is a data scientist someone who can't program as well as the computer engineer, and can't build models as well as a...
  40. PsychonautQQ

    Math 2 year Data science masters program? Teaching Math abroad?

    Hello PF! This place is so great at helping me with my math homework, maybe ya'll can give me advice on life as well! As the title indicates, I'm looking for any information/opinions what-so-ever on topics of teaching math abroad at a maximum of a high school level and how beneficial would it...
  41. ZahraKad

    Physics or Data Science? Background in physics & psychology

    Hello Everybody! At this point of my life, I'm facing a dilemma which might seem a bit unconventional, or even strange: Should I apply to Data Science Master's programs or Physics Master's programs? I'm in a state of constant confusion and can't make my mind to pick one of these paths. Any...
  42. S

    Statistics and Data Science applied to Physics

    I wasn't sure where to post this, but I figured this would be a topic under General Physics. I am aware that the next generation of observations, ranging from cosmological observations to post-LHC particle physics experiments, will produce overwhelmingly large and complex datasets, far larger...
  43. J

    Engineering Biomedical Engineering PhD, data science, and Employment

    I have a B.S. in physics, I am currently in a non-thesis Master of Engineering in Mechanical/Biomedical engineering and set to graduate in the spring. I have been working in a lab to pick up some extra cash and skills over the past 7 months. Mainly what I have been doing is applying data science...
  44. 1

    A lot of Questions involving Medical Physics and DataScience

    Hello I've been a lurker on this site for quite a while now and now have a couple of questions I'd like to ask involving data science and medical physics. How important is data science or at least programming if one wants to pursue a PhD/DMP in medical physics?I have a online data science...
  45. E

    Did I waste time getting an MS in computational physics?

    I completed the first year of grad school in physics and then contemplated returning to get the master's or just drop out. I had some prior experience using C++ and C# and was getting interviews for C# developer roles, but could not pass technical interviews since I failed questions on data...
  46. Ben Mercado

    Engineering How to get into programming with a Physics/Engineering background

    Hi Everybody! I've got a job doing stress analysis as an engineer at an aerospace company. My best days are when I get to spend all day writing VBA codes/macros to automate stress analysis procedures or whatnot. I was thinking about getting a certificate in Data Analysis aka Data Science at...
  47. L

    Cheminformatics career what language to learn first?

    I'm a math and chemistry double major and hope to go to grad school in cheminformatics, my eventual goal would be to work as a data scientist for a drug company. My question is what languages should I learn first? The CS class I need to take for my math major is C++ but I'm not sure if this is...
  48. 1

    Getting into data science from computational physics?

    I'm currently working on a master's degree in physics where my project uses C++. I have read about how some physics phD's were able to get data scientist roles despite working on computational astrophysics. This is a little surprising to me since I thought experimentalists would be more suited...
  49. J

    Does Big Data have a place in the field of Aerodynamics?

    I have been wondering lately, is the field of Data Science/Big Data used in the field of Aerodynamics? I know that Data Science has found great uses in areas like bioinformatics, finance, social media and sports. I am asking because the two fields I have grown interest in them. If you work in...
  50. Corpuscule

    Corporate Data Science after a PhD in Physics

    I would like to start a thread discussing the opportunities for Physics PhDs in the field of corporate Data Science. This emerging filed is briefly explained in the following article: http://www-01.ibm.com/software/data/infosphere/data-scientist/ I have heard on a number of occasions that...