What is Uk: Definition and 376 Discussions

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in north-western Europe, off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. Otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 93,628 square miles (242,500 km2).
The United Kingdom is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, has reigned since 1952. The capital is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. Other than England, the constituent countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers.The union between the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, followed by their union in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland, created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Most of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which formally adopted the name in 1927 to reflect the change.The nearby Isle of Man, Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown Dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. There are also 14 British Overseas Territories, the last remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's landmass and a third of the world's population, and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and the legal and political systems of many of its former colonies.The United Kingdom has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal gross domestic product (GDP), and the tenth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). It has a high-income economy and a very high human development index rating, ranking 13th in the world. The UK became the world's first industrialised country and was the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Today the UK remains one of the world's great powers, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific, technological and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapon state and is ranked sixth globally in military expenditure. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It was a member of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), from 1973 until withdrawing in 2020.

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  1. Lynch101

    The Cass Report (UK)

    Just wondering if anyone here is familiar with the Cass Report, which was recently published in the UK? I've been reading a lot of different stuff on it, including criticisms of it's methodology. I was wondering if anyone here might have any insights into the report itself or the criticisms of it?
  2. pinball1970

    News Was Keith from The Office the Most Memorable Character?

    One of the best UK series of recent times, “The office” and Keith was my favourite character. This was one of the best scenes IMO.
  3. U

    Studying What universities for studying Aerospace Engineering in UK?

    I find that Oxford and Cambrige dont have aerospace engineering, only mechanical engineering/pathway aerospace. What do you think about that or is better to study "pure" aerospace? What university do you suggest? Also I checked that subjects are very different at each university.. I checked...
  4. U

    How does the education system in the UK work?

    I have a few question about education system in UK.. Primary education 6years same subjects for everyone? Has secondary education (5 years)more courses or it is same for everyone? further education (2 years) what are courses? (for exapmle if you want be mechanic who repair cars, you go to...
  5. W

    What are decent to good graduate Physics Programs in the UK?

    Other than well known institutions such as University of Cambridge and Oxford. What are grad programs that are worth considering for a Phd? I am still narrowing down my niche, but I am interested in Theoretical physics, Mathematical Physics, and high energy physics.
  6. H

    Studying Huge difference in the cost of education in UK and Germany

    I have searched for almost all courses and all universities and found that the fees of universities in UK is more than 10 times than those of Germany (if I were to convert both of those national currencies in my country's currency). Had education been some market product, I would have instantly...
  7. varocketry

    Request a Diagram or Explanation to wire 220v-50/60hz UK 3-wire device

    Planning a kitchen renovation. We've found a SIEMENS iQ700 glass downdraft extractor [model LD98WMM60B] that we'd love to use. It, of course, is only available in EUROPE. EAN code : 4242003907122 Connection rating : 300 W Fuse protection : 10 A Voltage : 220-240 V Frequency : 50; 60 Hz Plug...
  8. anorlunda

    UK Power Refunds: Halifax & Newcastle Postcodes Receive 13-Figure Sums

    I would like to share this, just because it is so funny. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-tyne-60369098 If any PF members got this refund in the mail, please let us know.
  9. A

    Facts about waves - UK BMAT exam question

    To me, they all look incorrect. Oh hang on. Ultrasonic waves. I misread that. It's no 6 then.
  10. Astronuc

    Henry III gold penny found in Devon, UK

    Metal Detectorist Discovers One of England’s Earliest Gold Coins in a Farm Field https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/800-year-old-gold-penny-found-in-english-field-could-sell-for-half-a-million-180979420/ I like the term 'detectorist'. Like an astronomer is a 'star or stellar...
  11. Astronuc

    History Rutland Mosaic, Roman history in UK

    Extraordinary Roman mosaic and villa discovered beneath farmer's field in Rutland, UK https://phys.org/news/2021-11-extraordinary-roman-mosaic-villa-beneath.html The same institution that discovered the remains of King Richard III under a parking lot. Anyone who watches "Time Team" can...
  12. F

    Physics Career Advice For Final Year Physics Student (UK)

    Hi Everyone, As the title suggests, I'm looking for some career advice. I want to go into software development (but feel free to suggest any other areas where I might be a good fit, I've also been looking at risk analysis positions). I have experience in a bunch of different areas but it feels...
  13. A

    Admissions Exemplar astronomy PhD personal statement (UK)

    I applied for a couple of PhD positions in astronomy last year but was unsuccessful. This year I hope to improve on my application and secure a position. So with that in mind, does anyone have any exemplar PhD personal statements for astronomy, or maybe physics in general?
  14. Volatile_Miniworld

    Job Skills Astronomer to Med Physicist or Dosimetrist - UK or US

    Well, I have a bit of a complicated situation and I'd love some advice. I'm a US/UK citizen living and working in London, UK at the moment. My husband and I are currently looking at moving back to the US in 2-3 years. My background is in physics/astrophysics - B.S. Physics (Maths minor) from a...
  15. B

    Programs Study in Canada or the UK to become a physicist?

    Hello everyone. I am an international student going for my undergraduate studies in physics. I want to go to the University of Toronto and the University of Manchester, but I am unable to choose between the two. Which of the two universities is best to study physics, can give me a better chance...
  16. hellow0rld

    Programs General Engineering/Chemistry/Biosciences/Physics - what to choose?

    Hey, I have some trouble deciding between 4 courses at the University of Sheffield (I am applying late, but there are still vacancies on all of these courses and as far as I know I can get a place at anyone of them). All of these courses are Foundation Year (FY) courses (they include an...
  17. sophiecentaur

    Earth grounding problems and RCDs (Strictly a UK scenario, I think)

    The story is that I did some wiring additions ` couple of years ago. I extended a Ring Main (cover your eyes dear US readers) and bought one of those socket checkers for a few quid. I have got this far in my life without one but I though why not splash out. The connections, of course, checked...
  18. A

    Admissions Advice for improving PhD application next year (UK)

    Hi Everyone, I applied for some PhD positions in astronomy this year and was unsuccessful. I was wondering if anyone could offer up some advice for improving my applications for next year. To give you some context: I gained my Master's in Physics with Astronomy from the University of...
  19. rbh

    Schools Undergraduate Aerospace Engineering in Europe: Beyond the UK

    Hello, I'm currently in high school, I want to study aerospace engineering, what are best universities to do undergraduate studies in Europe outside of UK?
  20. Roger Dalton

    Schools Best universities to study Physics in the UK?

    Hello everyone! I'm studying Physics at college and next year I'll be doing a course abroad in the UK. After doing some research and considering my college's international agreements I have to decide between Durham University, Manchester University, and the Imperial College of London, but I...
  21. James2020

    AC Frequency UK: Why Does Filament Lamp Flash 25Hz?

    When I record slow motion video of my filament bulb lamp connected to mains, I can be completely sure that it flashes 25 times per second. This is half of the 50 hertz AC frequency. I would expect it to flash 100 times per second as the current reaches a node twice per cycle in it’s AC wave. Why...
  22. Buzz Bloom

    CamSpec Software Tool: UK Company Explored

    From reading the paper I cited in the summary, I am guessing CamSpec is a software tool for statistical analysis. I did a Internet search, but did not find anything other than mentioning CamSpec being used, but not what it does, except that there is a UK company...
  23. BigPapaSmurf123

    Physics How to become a Certified Medical Physicist in the UK?

    Hello there! I am currently studying Astrophysics (3rd year) in Scotland and would like to shift my premature career path into medical physics. Now, I have few questions that I cannot answer online so I though it would be better to do it here. Here we go.. My question is how to actually...
  24. Q

    What's the timeline for theoretical physics PhD admissions in the UK?

    If I haven't heard back as of yet, does that mean that I haven't been shortlisted? When are interviews usually held and when do people usually find out? My feeling is that if I haven't heard back from the universities as of yet, I haven't been shortlisted but I'm hoping someone more...
  25. Gjmdp

    Admissions Can I apply to a US PhD program with an UK Bachelor degree?

    In many british universities, like the University of Cambridge, the UK bachelor (1st class), with a duration of 3 years, is the minimum accepted requirement to apply for a PhD. This is, some PhD students only hold a UK bachelor, without a Master's degree. I was wondering if a british bachelor...
  26. xyzyx314

    Programs Physics and Philosophy BSc - What to expect?

    Hi, I'm applying for 2020 entry in the UK (coming from Poland) and the subject that I'm most interested in is BSc in Physics and Philosophy (well maybe next to Natural Sciences degree, but I feel like that's out of my grasp), with the intent to later pursue MSc, PhD and ultimately an academic...
  27. cobalt124

    Courses UK University Recommmendations for Psychology/Neuroscience

    My daughter has had to defer university application for a year and switch to "Plan B". Can anyone recommend UK universities giving courses relating to Psychology and Neuroscience (together if possible)? Also any refererence/text books that would be useful as an introduction to similar course(s)?
  28. mfb

    B Coal and total CO2 emissions in the UK

    Mentor note: This thread started as side-discussion in the thread New Tokamak D Mode Success - Fusion is Almost Here, see there for earlier posts that lead to this discussion. I split the threads. Everything from post 2 to post 20 was moved, later posts were made here.
  29. ChrisXenon

    UK A level Physics question & Marking scheme question

    This is question 24 from the OCR AS Level Physics A H156/01 Breadth in physics paper from May 24th, 2016. Question: State Newton's second law Marking Scheme answer: "(Resultant) force is (directly) proportional / equal to the rate of change of momentum" Marking scheme guidance notes: NOT force...
  30. ChrisXenon

    Problems with UK A level Physics Marking Schemes

    Hi Folks, I am a private tutor and one thing I teach is A level Physics (OCR Physics A). Am I the only person who has been sometimes baffled and deeply disappointed with some of the questions/answers? Let me explain what I mean. I see questions form which it's not possible to decide what kind...
  31. LilyWillows

    Physics Employability with a degree in theoretical physics vs physics

    Hi! I'm currently in my second year of a five year integrated masters degree in physics. When applying, I chose to study just plain physics as I didn't really know what I wanted to do and I didn't want to limit my options. However, for the past year and a half, and honestly before that too, I've...
  32. M

    Best Resource for Mechanical Engineering Assignments?

    Greetings everyone, UK user here, I'm currently studying for my HNC Mechanical Engineering. Been lurking in the background for a while - this website has definitely got me out of a few tight spots with assignments! Anyway, cheers guys and look forward to getting to know some of you.
  33. diogenesNY

    UK Guardian: Flat Earth Ocean Cruise

    The Guardian - Adam Gabbatt @adamgabbatt Thu 10 Jan 2019 01.00 ESTLast modified on Thu 10 Jan 2019 11.02 EST A group of people who believe the Earth is flat have announced their “biggest, boldest, best adventure yet”: a Flat Earth cruise scheduled for 2020. Article continues...
  34. V

    Programs Potential for an Astro vs Condensed Matter PhD (UK)

    I have read that postdocs are extremely hard to come by in Astrophysics, and is likely a dead end at the end of the PHD and that Condensed Matter is less competitive in academia. Would a Condensed Matter PhD also provide more opportunities in UK science industry - in particular the life sciences...
  35. M

    Physics Medical Physics from the UK to Canada

    Hi I am a medical physicist in the uk with a desire to transition to Canada. I am in the process of applying for permanent residency via the Canada express entry. We have a similar organisation to CAMPEP that accredits our physicists in the UK, called IPEM. I have an accredited MSc from IPEM...
  36. sophiecentaur

    UHF HDTV reception (Freeview) in the UK

    Hi This is probably only suitable for answers from UK members because it's about the specific problem of DTV in the London area. Freeview channels in London cover pretty much the whole of the UHF band now. Three years ago we moved into the house and I noticed that the range of Freeview...
  37. MichaelJT

    Admissions 2:2 from UK Uni, Masters in my future?

    This year 18/19 I will be graduating in December/January with a 2:2 in Physics from QUB in NI. I would absolutely love to have further research/academia in my future physics career. I would like some advice from a UK or ROI based masters students (preferably on the island of Ireland) or anyone...
  38. C

    Admissions Help Needed: Seeking a PhD in the UK - Italian Physics Student

    Hi everyone! I'm an physics italian student, and I was looking for a phd in the UK. I hope that someone of you can help me to understand the procedure to follow. I expect to graduate in July-September 2019, and I would to know if i have to had already the title for apply for a phd which start on...
  39. M

    B Self learn calculus for UK A-levels?

    Hi, I am currently about to begin self studying for UK maths a-levels, however I am also wanting to gain a solid understanding of calculus. I know that calculus is covered in a-levels, but, the books for a-levels seem to be not as dense or as good as the US books I believe. My question is...
  40. T

    What are great places in US or UK for a physicist to visit?

    As the title says, any ideas of great places that a physicist tourist could visit in US or UK? I have been thinking about the Cavendish laboratory, Cambridge University, but I don't know whether it's open for visitors.
  41. cameron

    Admissions Is a European PhD possible with a UK MPhys degree?

    Hi, I am currently studying for an MPhys in the UK. In the UK this is considered essentially equivalent to an MSc and a BSc although the structure is a little different: the first 2 years are the exact same as a bachelors course, then my 3rd year I am currently spending in Denmark doing mostly...
  42. G

    Identifying overhead power lines (esp. UK)

    Has anyone got a good link to a guide to UK power lines? I hate looking up and not knowing what's there. For example, my house has several poles leading to it, strung with one live 240V and one neutral, the latter being tapped to Earth at each pole. What if there are two lines, strung...
  43. sophiecentaur

    What actual frequency is my mobile phone service in the UK?

    It's easy to get information about the channels that the various 2G, 3G, 4G services use but I want to find out the actual frequency my service uses in my home. I was hoping to try a 'passive relay' arrangement to bring the (totally rubbish) signal from upstairs to downstairs by my computer. I...
  44. A

    Robotics/Electronics workshops carried out in England / UK?

    Hi, For secondary school age group, are there any Robotics/Electronics workshops or project works carried out in England, UK? Not mere training/coaching, but, more challenging product building sort of things, where kids get a chance to cultivate/demonstrate leadership or research bent of work...
  45. C

    News Current Events in US/UK = Academic Boon for Canada?

    The CBC is reporting a drastic rise in international student applications to Canadian universities. University of Toronto applications, for example, are up by over 80%. Many are speculating that this is due to uncertainty generated by the recent actions of the new American president and...
  46. matthewh806

    Admissions Applying for a European PhD position with a UK MPhys degree

    Hey, I'm looking for a bit of advice with regards to applying for a PhD program in Europe. As a bit of background: I graduated from Durham University in 2013 with a 1st class MPhys in Theoretical Physics. My thesis (which contributed to half of the grading in the 4th, masters year) was focused...
  47. R

    Physics Is a UK Physics PhD in Demand in California?

    I am a physics PhD at a globally top 10 UK institution. I'm interested in moving to California for two reasons: - The weather. - I believe the US economy is higher growth than the rest of the modernised world. My subject area is not 'hot' so I doubt I'd be able to get a good postdoc. Are the...
  48. J

    Help changing a plug from Europe to UK.

    Hi there, Please forgive my ignorance, but when it comes to changing plugs, I am a complete novice. I have a European 2-Pin plug, 2.A and 250V (One blue, one brown wire). As I am in the UK, this doesn't work in our sockets. I need to change it over to a 3-Pin, UK plug. But, when I went to...
  49. wolram

    Protecting UK from Fracking-Induced Earthquakes

    So we have proposed sites in the UK some are close to habitation how can we insure against Fracking earth quakes? https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160329132238.htm Date: March 29, 2016 Source: Seismological Society of America Summary: A survey of a major oil and natural...
  50. C

    Admissions PhD in UK and USA: is it useful to have a European MSc?

    I'm a Physics student currently ending the bachelor degree. Since I study in Europe (Italy) there are quite big differences in the degrees system between Europe, UK and USA. Start from the assumption that I would like in the future to do a PhD in the UK or in USA. My main question is: do a MSc...