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Adding Radius of Gyration values?

  1. Oct 21, 2015 #1
    Hi There
    I am doing a little test program for some tire testing and just need to make sure I am doing something right, I am calculating the radius of gyration of my tire and wheel separately using the formulas from Dunlop http://www.dunlopaircrafttyres.com/tech_support/dunlop-engineering-data.aspx So I have a value of k for the tire and wheel, do I just add those two together to get the combined radius? I do that currently but it leaves me with a value of k that is outside the radius of the tyre, ie for a tire whose diameter is 0.36m I get a k value for the rim of 0.201 and for the tire of 0.239 so combined it comes to 0.44 which feels wrong to me. Can anyone see where I am going wrong?
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 21, 2015 #2


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    The gyradius r is based on the mass of a rotating object and its moment of inertia about the axis of rotation, such that:

    r2 = I / M


    I - moment of inertia
    M - mass of the object

    Your tire and wheel probably have two different masses, so the proper calculation would be to convert the gyradius of each component to a moment of inertia, using the correct masses, add the moments together, and then calculate the gyradius of the combined assembly, like so:

    Itire = Mtire*rtire2
    Iwheel = Mwheel*rwheel2

    Itotal = Itire + Iwheel

    Mtotal = Mtire + Mwheel

    rtotal = (Itotal / Mtotal)1/2
  4. Oct 21, 2015 #3
    Many thanks for the quick reply, that looks more sensible, will give that a try. Thanks.
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