Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Bernoulli's Equation and Fluid Mechanics?

  1. Dec 16, 2009 #1
    Water flows through a 0.30m radius pipe at the rate of 0.20m^2/s. The pressure in the pipe is atmospheric. The pipe slants downhill and feeds into a second pipe with a radius of 0.15m, positioned 0.60m lower. What is the gauge pressure in the second pipe?

    So, what I've figured from the problem and what I've learned so far about flow continuity and Bernoulli's principle gave me this.


    Flow rate = Area of a Cross-section * Velocity

    So, I can find the velocity for Bernoulli's equation.

    P1 + [tex]\rho[/tex]gh1 + 1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v12 = P2 + [tex]\rho[/tex]gh2 + 1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v22

    And since there's no change in height at the first pipe cross-section, [tex]\rho[/tex]gh1= 0, right?

    P1 + 1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v12 = P2 + [tex]\rho[/tex]gh2 + 1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v22

    So, then I solve for P2, but since it wants gauge pressure, I have to subtract atmospheric pressure, which means that I can remove P1 from the equation, because the problem statement says it equals atmospheric pressure, right?

    1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v12 - 1/2[tex]\rho[/tex]v22 - [tex]\rho[/tex]gh2 = Pg

    All I'm really looking for here is a logic check for this much of it. Am I right?
    All help is greatly appreciated.
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 16, 2009 #2
    That looks correct. There is actually no reason to set h1=0 because the problem gave you the height difference between the two pipes.
  4. Dec 16, 2009 #3
    Oh? I was under the impression that whenever you wrote something like [tex]\rho[/tex]gh1, it was assumed to be the change in height, like in gravitational potential energy. I said h1 was zero because as you moved left to right, at the first cross-section, there was no change yet so it was 0. But, if I understand what you're saying, I factor to get h1 - h2 together and replace it with [tex]\Delta[/tex]h, right? Which actually seems to make more sense...
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook