1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data See the jpeg image for the circuit. Question is simply determine the region of operation. 3. The attempt at a solution The answer is cut off, but i don't really get how it is. Looking at the circuit, emitter voltage Ve should be higher than base voltage Vb (simply because the base current has to go through a resistor Rb). Through this reasoning i say that Veb = Ve-Vb>0 . This means emitter-base junction is forward biased. Voltage at the collector Vc must be higher than Vb because there is a voltage drop between the base and collector terminal. Hence Vbc = Vb-Vc<0 and collector-base junction is reverse biased That information suggests the circuit is in forward active operation. However i noticed one strange thing - the direction of the base current is going into the base (due to Ve > Vb). However from my notes it says a PNP transistor in forward active operation should have conventional current going out of the base. So i must be analyzing the circuit wrong...help please?