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- Thread starter JizzaDaMan
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- #2

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Do that for some angle, measure the time taken, determine the acceleration and then find the force due to friction and calculate it from that. Do it for a few different angles to get a more precise determination.

- #3

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You should measure the friction at several constant velocities (no acceleration) so that you can can extract the coulomb and viscous friction components. The offset will be your coulomb friction (constant for all velocities), and the increase in friction that is proportional to speed will be your viscous friction. Use a force gauge to determine how much force it takes to pull the block at the constant velocity, and then divide that force by downward (normal) force that gravity exerts on the 500g to get the coefficient.

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I thought i might be able to take the average particle size and divide the area of the sandpaper by the particle size to get the number of particles on the sandpaper. If i then said there was a standard area of each particle in contact with the MDF, and then multiplied this by the number of particles to get the area of sandpaper actually in contact with MDF.

So if I divided the mass of the block by this area to give me the pressure, is there then a way to calculate friction from this pressure? And is this method viable?

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- #7

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μ has no units. The pressure and weight are related to the normal force. μ is related to the materials, and it tells the relation of friction force to normal force, depending on the material.

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- #8

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The coefficient of friction is independent on pressure, in first approximation at least.

It is a material property so you cannot just calculate it from general considerations about particles' size and number.

Maybe if you know the coefficient of friction between a sand grain (which is still a macroscopic object, I suppose) and the surface you may find the overall effect for the block.

Is this what you have in mind?

- #9

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http://www.virginia.edu/ep/SurfaceScience/friction.html

he explains why friction is independent of surface area (and hence independent of pressure).

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- #12

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yeah, actually according to this: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coefficient_of_friction#Coefficient_of_friction it says that it *must* be determined experimentally, it can't be calculated

- #13

f95toli

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In principle you can. But it is a very, very hard problem, and in reality you need a good supercomputer even for very simple systems (I believe people have had some progress modelling AFM tips on a surface).

In your case there is no way of doing it.

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