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Column, Solution and Row Spaces

  1. Jan 25, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A = [ 1 0 1
    -1 1 -3
    2 1 0]

    what is the column space of A?

    What is the row space of A

    What is the solution space of A?

    Also, if i were given a multiple choice, how do I check if a vector is in either the column, row or solution space of A ?

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    From my understanding, the column space is just V1 = (1,-1,2) V2 = (0,1,1) V3 = (1,-3,0) and the row space of A is w1 = (1,0,1) , w2 = (-1,1,-3) and w3 = (2,1,0) . For solution space, i have completely no idea.
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 25, 2009 #2
    The solution space is the set of column matrices X of dimension 3 by 1 such that AX=0.

    The column space is v1, v2, and v3. But are v1, v2, and v3 linearly independent? You might want to find the basis for the column space.
  4. Jan 25, 2009 #3
    But then again, how do I check if a certain vector is in the column or row space of A?
  5. Jan 25, 2009 #4
    The vectors form a basis. Right?
    So if there exists a linear combination of the vectors that equals another 'certain vector' then the 'certain vector' is in the column or row space.

    Let's see c1*v1 + c2*v2 + c3*v3 = u

    Can we solve for c1, c2, and c3? If so, then u is in the space.

    This looks like a job for matrices to solve. See if u=(1 1 1) is in the column space.
  6. Jan 25, 2009 #5
    Actually only V1 and V2 forms a basis, as v3 can be written as a linear combination of V1 and V2. C1*(1,-1,2) + C2*(0,1,1) = (1,1,1) . I formed a matrix A with (1,-1,2) and (0,1,1) in columns and then put (1,1,1) into the matrix in augmented form. But the system is inconsistent, no solutions. So u is not in the column space?
  7. Jan 26, 2009 #6
    Right on both accounts. Despite my typepo, leaving out the word 'not', I think you are seeing how all of this fits together. Well done.
  8. Jan 26, 2009 #7
    fantastic, at least now I know I am making some progress. =D
  9. Jan 26, 2009 #8


    Staff: Mentor

    That's not the column space. It's the subspace of R^3 (for this problem) that is spanned by v1, v2, and v3. In other words, it's the set of vectors in R^3 that are linear combinations of v1, v2, and v3.
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