Decimal and nondecimal almost perfect squares of the form aaabbb

  1. Determine all possible positive decimal integer(s) of the form aaabbb, each with no leading zeroes, that becomes a perfect square when 1 is added to it.

    What are the positive nondecimal integer base(s) S, with S<=16, such that S admits at least one valid solution in conformity with the given conditions?

    Note: a cannot be equal to b.
  2. jcsd
  3. Let the perfect square = [tex]N^2[/tex]. We have

    [tex]N^2[/tex] = aaabbb + 1
    (N+1)(N-1) = 111 X a00b
    = 111(999a+a+b)

    If 9a is a perfect square, say [tex]c^2[/tex], then by choosing N=ccc+1 and b=2c-a, the above equation will be satisfied.

    Since aaabbb must be in the range 111000 to 999888, N must be in the range 334 to 999. Thus a can only assume values 1 and 4, with c = 3 and 6 respectively. Indeed, 111555 and 444888 are solutions.

    However, N may not necessarily be of the form ccc+1. Although we only need to consider the cases when (N-1) is divisible by 37 and cases when (N+1) is divisible by 37, we still have 30+ cases to consider.

    I can't find a way to substantially reduce the number of cases to consider, so I wrote a simple computer program to try them out. The solutions are:

    base 5: aaabbb = 111333, N = 223
    base 9: aaabbb = 222666, N = 445
    base 10: aaabbb = 111555, N = 334; aaabbb = 444888, N=667
    base 13: aaabbb = 333999, N = 667
    base 16: aaabbb = 555888, N = 93D

    As seen in the case of base 16, N is not of the form ccc+1. So it seems that many separate cases have to be considered.
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