1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Density & Speed in Relation to Power

  1. Jul 7, 2012 #1

    Just out of curiosity, why is the density and volume used to find the power of a flow of water for example. I know the equation for this is P=0.5ρAv^3 where ρ=density and v=speed of the water cubed.

    Any suggestions?

    Thank you
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 8, 2012 #2
    You've put Volume as area times velocity. Instead of volume , you've put volumetric flow of fluid per second. Your equation is dimensionally correct.

    Work done by fluid in motion = Kinetic energy = mv2/2
    Putting m = ρV
    we have
    Work done by fluid in motion = ρVv2/2
    Now putting V= Ah where h is height
    Work done = ρAhv2/2/2
    Dividing by time , we have
    Power of flow of fluid = ρAv3/2

    Through this derivation I think its clear why density and velocity of fluid are related with power.

    Also Power is force times velocity. So power depends on velocity of fluid. Work done here is the kinetic energy possessed by the fluid which of course depends on mass and hence depends on density of fluid. So Since power depends on work , so here in this case , power has to depend on density as well.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook