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Destructive Interference

  1. Apr 28, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Two loudspeakers, A and B, are driven by the same amplifier and emit sinusoidal waves in phase. The frequency of the waves emitted by each speaker is 172 Hz. You are 8.00 m from speaker A. Take the speed of sound in air to be 344 m/s.

    What is the closest you can be to speaker B and be at a point of destructive interference?
    Express your answer in meters.

    2. Relevant equations

    [itex] f = \frac{v}{\lambda}[/itex]
    [itex] \frac{\Delta L}{\lambda} = .5,1.5,2.5,...[/itex]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    [itex] \lambda = 344/172 = 2 [/itex]

    [itex] 1/2 = .5 => Ans:[/itex]1m

    The odd thing is that it tells you the distance you are from A but wants to know how close you can get to B but you don't know the distance between the two.

    The answer is 1, since that would give you 1/2 = .5 but that seems like to me that you're 1m away from A, since we don't know how close we are to B
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 28, 2014 #2

    TSny

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    It might help to use more explicit notation for the various distances. Let ##d_A## be your distance from speaker A and ##d_B## your distance from speaker B. You are given ##d_A = 8##m, but let's keep using the symbol ##d_A##. We can plug in numbers later.

    You wrote ##\frac{\Delta L}{\lambda} = .5, 1.5, 2.5, ...##.

    You can write this as ##\frac{\Delta L}{\lambda} = (n+\frac{1}{2})## where ##n = 0, 1, 2, ...##.

    Can you express this equation in terms of the symbols ##d_A## and ##d_B##?
     
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