# Does DC or AC work best for charging most industrial batteries?

• narayan821
Industrial rechargeable batteries can be charged inefficiently by using alternating current. The optimal charging current depends on the battery chemistry. Normal AC is the best charging current for industrial rechargeable batteries.

#### narayan821

TL;DR Summary
I have a source of electricity that's alternating but at variable frequencies. So an asynchronous alternating current of sorts if you will. Can industrial rechargeable batteries be charged like this efficiently? Or would DC current work best? Or normal AC?
I have a source of electricity that's alternating but at variable frequencies. So an asynchronous alternating current of sorts if you will. Can industrial rechargeable batteries be charged like this efficiently? Or would DC current work best? Or normal AC?

Batteries are DC devices. They are charged with DC voltages and currents, but the characteristics and levels of the charging voltages and currents depend on the battery chemistry. What chemistry are these batteries? How have they been recharged in the past?

https://batteryuniversity.com/

DaveE
Batteries require a circuit to control their charging. Some types can have simple circuits, some quite complex. The output of the charging circuit depends on the battery type, and application. The charging circuit requires power to operate, so the input to the charger is determined by what kind of power source the charger was designed for.

Your question equates the battery type to the power source. It doesn't work that way. You will select a charger that can accept the power source you have available and can supply the proper charging current to the battery type you have.

Klystron and berkeman
narayan821 said:
I have a source of electricity that's alternating but at variable frequencies. So an asynchronous alternating current of sorts if you will.
It has become very easy now to convert any source of electrical energy into a DC supply.
It may be that extracting some energy will reduce the efficiency of some other part of a dynamic system. What is the energy source you are thinking of harvesting?

narayan821 said:
I have a source of electricity that's alternating but at variable frequencies. So an asynchronous alternating current of sorts if you will. Can industrial rechargeable batteries be charged like this efficiently?
You will need a charger anyway.
These days the first part of the circuit of the chargers are about converting the incoming 'whatever' into DC.
This circuit should be able to deal with DC and some not too high frequency AC too, not just with the usual 50/60Hz.

Variable frequency, you say? Is it some wind or water related thing?
Then your problem is not just about charging, but about maintaining the optimal operating point//getting the maximal available power out of the device.
In such case - honestly, it's just better to get a charger which is built for this. That's not just 'should be able to deal with' but it'll be in the rated range and you'll get a paper about it.

## 1. What is the difference between DC and AC charging for industrial batteries?

DC (direct current) charging involves a constant flow of electricity in one direction, while AC (alternating current) charging involves a flow of electricity that switches direction periodically.

## 2. Which type of charging is more efficient for industrial batteries?

DC charging is generally more efficient for industrial batteries because there is no energy loss from switching directions, as is the case with AC charging.

## 3. Can I use both DC and AC charging for my industrial batteries?

Yes, many industrial batteries are designed to be able to be charged with both DC and AC power sources. However, it is important to check the specifications of your specific battery to ensure compatibility.

## 4. Are there any safety concerns with DC or AC charging for industrial batteries?

Both DC and AC charging methods have their own safety considerations. DC charging can potentially lead to overheating and damage to the battery if not monitored properly, while AC charging can cause electric shocks if safety precautions are not taken.

## 5. How do I determine which type of charging is best for my specific industrial battery?

The best charging method will depend on the specifications and requirements of your specific industrial battery. It is recommended to consult the manufacturer or refer to the battery's manual for guidance on the most suitable charging method.