Effect of PV on-grid (quality, voltage, stability)

In summary: Adding more solar also increases the load on the grid's resources, like transmission lines and substations.In summary, PV systems have a small effect on voltage and stability, but they can wear out over time. They also have a small effect on quality, but they can be affected by current draw.
  • #1
What is the effect of on-grid PV systems, in terms of quality, voltage and stability? I'm not really sure how to answer this.

Stability -- If consumer is tied to a PV power plant, grid stability could potentially be an issue. However, generally speaking, on-grid systems use the grid like a battery back-up, so in some senses they are more stable than off-grid systems.

Voltage -- Can be lossed from grid to home. Voltage lost in cables.

Quality -- The constant need to potentially have energy coming from the grid to the home could wear out the components in the PV system. PV itself is intermittent / variable and depends on weather conditions.

I read something else about reactive power but the concept was a little difficult to understand.

Is there anything I'm missing in terms of the quality, stability and voltage effects of PV on-grid?
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  • #2
Just a few notes;

I would add corrosion of the interconnections over time - quality of cable termination is critical.

Current draw is your main enemy in a system like this. Basically let's say your converter is 120Vac. It should provide this voltage at all times at a very stable value (very little ripple). You can turn on your TV and computer. Maybe a few lights and an alarm clock. Your overall current draw is already 3-4 Amps. Now that's not a big problem for the system. The problem is when you turn on the stove and the dryer. These can add 5-10 amps each on top and will easily exceed small PV installations. At this point, it would be better to farm multiple small installations into a common grid so the intermittent current draws can be normalized.

The battery bank and converter quality along with the type of system used (fixed or rotating) all have an overall impact on system efficiency.
  • #3
PV is a tiny portion of the connected generation in the USA. 0.2% if my memory is correct. Something that small has a negligible effect on the bulk power grid, no matter what it does.

Local power distribution, say on your street, is a different matter. Distributed generation (DG) makes it more difficult to design the protective relaying required to keep the local power supply safe and reliable.

Your questions are all mixed up. You ask about the grid, but then about your own equipment.

Electrical circuits are not worn out by time varying voltages and currents.

Corrosion is not affected by voltages and currents, unless there is a galvanic current leaking to earth. Contaminants in the air are the principle cause of corrosion. I live on a boat in salt water. Salt in the air is a constant enemy of my electrical connections.
  • #4
In some parts of the grid it might not be possible to add more generating capacity because it will increase the local grid voltage too much.

This can happen when too much solar is added to a local grid that wasn't designed for it.

1. How does PV affect the quality of on-grid power?

The presence of PV systems on the grid can improve the overall quality of power due to its ability to regulate voltage and frequency. PV systems can also reduce the occurrence of power outages and voltage sags.

2. Can PV systems cause voltage fluctuations on the grid?

While PV systems can cause slight voltage fluctuations, these are typically within acceptable limits and can be managed through proper system design and grid integration techniques.

3. How does PV impact the stability of the grid?

PV systems can improve the stability of the grid by providing reactive power support, which helps to balance the voltage and frequency of the grid. However, improper installation or integration of PV systems can also lead to instability, so careful planning is necessary.

4. What measures can be taken to mitigate any negative effects of PV on-grid?

To ensure the smooth integration of PV systems on the grid, measures such as proper system design, grid code compliance, and advanced control strategies can be implemented. Regular monitoring and maintenance of the PV systems can also help to address any potential issues.

5. Are there any long-term impacts of PV on-grid?

The long-term impacts of PV on-grid are generally positive. The use of renewable energy sources like PV can reduce the reliance on fossil fuels and decrease greenhouse gas emissions. However, proper planning and management are crucial to ensure the continued stability and reliability of the grid.

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