Electricity and magnetism

  • #1
hi , i wanted to ask why does current in a wire produces a magnetic field ?

and can anyone explain how maxwell related electricity and magnetism , easily (im in high school)
 

Answers and Replies

  • #3
Claude Bile
Science Advisor
1,471
19
It can be elegantly explained via relativity;

From the point of view of electric current, the space between (fixed) positive charges contracts, whereas the density of the negative charge is unchanged. This results in a force that is perpendicular to the direction of the electric current.

Claude.
 
  • #4
BruceW
Homework Helper
3,611
121
hi , i wanted to ask why does current in a wire produces a magnetic field ?

and can anyone explain how maxwell related electricity and magnetism , easily (im in high school)

As well as Maxwell, there were many others who showed the inter-relation between electricity and magnetism (for example, Faraday). I guess this was the result of both experiment, and the imagination of these people to make the connection between electricity and magnetism. Probably you can go on wikipedia and search these people's names, and it will tell you specific examples of several of the ways in which they related electricity and magnetism.

About the current in the wire, you should think of currents and charges as sources of the magnetic and electric fields (in a certain sense of the word). Specifically, a charge will cause an electric field to flow into (or out of) the volume enclosing that charge. And a current (through some cross-sectional area) can cause a magnetic field to flow around that area. Also, the electric field depends on changes in the magnetic field and vice-versa, so if the fields are time-dependent, then it is a little more complicated.
 

Related Threads on Electricity and magnetism

  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
20K
  • Last Post
Replies
7
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
8K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
10
Views
7K
Replies
2
Views
1K
Top