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Explanation about Megaohmeter (Megger)

  1. Dec 1, 2014 #1
    Can someone explain to me why voltage from Megger(500, 1000V) isn't that dangerous, why current is small?
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 1, 2014 #2
    Large internal impedance
  4. Dec 1, 2014 #3


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    The (original?) Megger consisted of a hand cranked alternator with many turns of wire on the coil - to produce the output of 500V, ( up to 5kV, for some models) The output impedance is deliberately made very high (by making th alternator 'not very good') so that it is 'safe' to use and also it is a non-destructive tester. The (series) internal resistance is several tens of MΩ and that limits the current that's available to a safe value. With only a fraction of a mA flowing through you, the output volts would drop to a safe level.
    See this link. The meter movement was cleverly arranged so that there were two coils, unlike the normal microAmmeter, which has one. The current into the test device was fed to one coil and the current through an internal reference resistor was fed to the other. The needle position ended up where the turning effect of the two coils balanced each other out. This 'ratiometer' arrangement gave a good measurement of the resistance under test, irrespective of how fast you turned the handle. (Smart, don't you think - for ancient Engineers with no access to solid state technology!!?)
  5. Dec 1, 2014 #4

    Doug Huffman

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    And when the megger wasn't enough, there was the HighPot tester in industrial facilities.

    Did'ja ever wonder how electrical cables are sealed through submarine hulls?
  6. Oct 2, 2015 #5
    " Did'ja ever wonder how electrical cables are sealed through submarine hulls?"

    Yes. Stranded conductors would require a strong water blocker. A bushing with a solid conductor might work better.
  7. Oct 2, 2015 #6


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    A truly random (but interesting) change of course for the thread. Perhaps another thread?? I'm sure the mods would prefer it that way. :smile:
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