# Fermi Energy Calculations About Non Parabolic Dispersions

• I
Greetings!
It is easy to understand that for a free electron, we can easily define the energy state density, and by doing the integration of the State density* Fermi-Dirac distribution we will be able to figure out the chemical potential at zero kelvin, which is the Fermi-Energy. Hence, we can define the Fermi Momentum correspondingly.

However, I feel rather struggling to define the fermi-momentum and Fermi energy for a non-parabolic dispersion.

Say, For example, A 2D system, I have a dispersion
E = A*k^2 +B*k^3

So k(E) will be in general complicated due to its cubic relations.

So If we still want to evaluate the Fermi Energy, Do still solve the integration
int _0 ^E_f state density*Fermi-Dirac Distribution dE = Number of Particles
to evaluate E_f?

And I think this integration will be very complicated.

Also, Under this circumstance, how do we define the Ferim-Momentum? Do we still solve
E_f = A k_F^2 + B k_F^3 to find k_F?

Thanks!

Henryk
Gold Member
Non-quadratic dispersion is not a big deal as long as the system is isotropic. You don't need to integrate anything!
All you need is a volume of the occupied state. For 3D case, the Fermi surface is a sphere whose volume is equal to ## V_F = \frac 4 3 \pi k^3_F##. If you have one electron per primitive unit cell, the Fermi sphere volume is 1/2 the volume of the first Brillouin zone. That gives you the Fermi momentum using elementary math. Then the Fermi energy can be easily obtained by inserting the Fermi momentum value into the dispersion formula. For the 2-D case, the Fermi surface is a cylinder. Project that onto a plane and use planar geometry formulae.

• MartinCort
Non-quadratic dispersion is not a big deal as long as the system is isotropic. You don't need to integrate anything!
All you need is a volume of the occupied state. For 3D case, the Fermi surface is a sphere whose volume is equal to ## V_F = \frac 4 3 \pi k^3_F##. If you have one electron per primitive unit cell, the Fermi sphere volume is 1/2 the volume of the first Brillouin zone. That gives you the Fermi momentum using elementary math. Then the Fermi energy can be easily obtained by inserting the Fermi momentum value into the dispersion formula. For the 2-D case, the Fermi surface is a cylinder. Project that onto a plane and use planar geometry formulae.