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Field lines from a line of charge

  1. Feb 24, 2014 #1
    I have a general gauss' law/electric field question.

    In calculating the electric field of a cylindrical shape, gauss' law can be applied to find that the Electric field only points aways from the surface of the cylinder (aka, in the s-hat direction). But this means that there are no field lines directed along the cylinder.....why isnt there a field line that points directly up or down along the z axis? For a finite cylinder, this would make sense to me. However, whenever you are calculating the E field via gauss' law, you neglect the surface area of the circles in the cylinder.....can someone please clarify why this is? I have taken it for granted for a long time but never really understood....

    Thanks in advance!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 24, 2014 #2

    PhysicoRaj

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    There are. But they get cancelled out since two points on the conductor on either side of your point of consideration produce electric fields in opposite directions.
    Because there is no electric field passing through these circles. Reason same as above. Along the cylinder is nothing but perpendicular to these circles.
     
  4. Feb 24, 2014 #3

    Meir Achuz

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    Gauss's law only helps if it is an infinitely long cylinder so that symmetry suggests there is no longitudinal E field.
     
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